© 2018 E.O. Hoppé Estate Collection / Curatorial Assistance Inc.
by E.O. Hoppé
hand-pulled photogravure, 1914
11 1/8 in. x 8 in. (282 mm x 203 mm)
- Thomas Hardy (1840-1928), Novelist and poet. Sitter in 60 portraits.
- Emil Otto ('E.O.') Hoppé (1878-1972), Photographer and writer. Artist associated with 185 portraits, Sitter in 2 portraits.
- Crane, David; Judd, Alan, First World War Poets, 2014, p. 14
- Judd, Alan; Crane, David, Character Sketches: First World War Poets, 1997, p. 12
- Prodger, Philip (appreciation) Pepper, Terence (appreciation), Hoppé Portraits: Society, Studio and Street, 2011 (accompanying the exhibition at the National Portrait Gallery from 17 February to 30 May 2011), p. 93
- Rogers, Malcolm, Camera Portraits, 1989 (accompanying the exhibition at the National Portrait Gallery from 20 October 1989 - 21 January 1990), p. 175
- Saywell, David; Simon, Jacob, Complete Illustrated Catalogue, 2004, p. 281
Following Germany's declaration of war on France and invasion of Belgium, Herbert Henry Asquith, the British Prime Minister, declares war on the German Empire on August 4, 1914. The popular belief that the conflict would be 'over by Christmas' was soon found to be a bitter underestimate of the scale of the war.
Art and science
The fist issue of the periodical Blast
is published by Wyndham Lewis, announcing the advent of Vorticism. This movement, named by Ezra Pound and taking in art and poetry, combined the vitality and dynamism of Italian Futurism with the geometric structure of Cubism. Vorticism was a direct challenge to the perceived quaint and domestic style of the Bloomsbury group and Roger Fry's Omega Workshop.
On June 28th 1914, Archduke Franz Ferdinand of Austria is assassinated in Sarajevo leading to Austria's declaration of war against Serbia and triggering the First World War. Germany declared war on Serbia's ally, Russia, and then marched on France via Belgium. Soon all of Europe and most of the world was embroiled in total war.