Photograph © National Portrait Gallery, London
by Renée Mendel
wooden statuette, 1934
26 1/4 in. (667 mm) high
This portraitback to top
James Joyce, the Irish novelist, poet and short-story writer, was the author of Portrait of the Artist as a Young Man (1916) and of the experimental 'stream of consciousness' novels Ulysses (published in Paris in 1922, but banned in the U.K. until 1936) and Finnegans Wake (1939). This sculpture in wood was made by Renée Mendel in Paris in 1934, the year that Ulysses was published in the United States. She first modelled the figure in clay and then worked from photographs of Joyce and from sittings from a friend who resembled the writer. Mendel called the sculpture The Intellectual, or Man with Umbrella.
Linked publicationsback to top
- Saywell, David; Simon, Jacob, Complete Illustrated Catalogue, 2004, p. 343
Events of 1934back to top
Current affairsSir Stafford Cripps represents the miners of Gresford Colliery in Wrexham at an inquiry into the recent gas explosion and fire which killed 263 miners, and three rescue workers in one of the worst mining disasters in British history.
Art and sciencePercy Shaw invents 'Cat's eyes'. The development of road reflectors increased safety on the roads at night and proved to be particularly useful during the wartime blackout. They are still used today.
Dylan Thomas published his first volume of poetry, 18 Poems.
InternationalStalin and Hitler consolidate dictatorial power by 'purging' their opponents. In the Soviet Union, members of the Communist Party and particular sectors of society such as the intelligentsia were targeted in the 'Great Purge', while in Germany Hitler murdered hundreds of potential opponents in the SA during the 'Night of the Long Knives'.
Thousands in the USA are forced to flee their homes to escape the Dust Bowl storms.