Dame Elizabeth Taylor
by Yousuf Karsh
bromide print, 1946
13 3/8 in. x 10 1/2 in. (340 mm x 267 mm)
Given by the photographer, Yousuf Karsh, 1984
- Yousuf Karsh (1908-2002), Photographer. Artist associated with 158 portraits, Sitter in 1 portrait.
The career of Elizabeth Taylor, who was made a dame of the British Empire in May 2000, moved with increasing acclaim from roles as a child in films such as National Velvet (1944) and Little Women (1948) to parts in Tennessee Williams adaptations like Suddenly Last Summer (1959) and Edward Albee's Who's Afraid of Virginia Woolf? (1966). This portrait was taken in 1946 when Taylor was fourteen. Given by the photographer, 1984.
The new Labour government begins to act upon the recommendations of the Beveridge Report (1942) by nationalising The Bank of England and Imperial Communications, bringing in a National Insurance Bill, and setting plans for the National Health Service. Nationalisation of industry and the provision of free healthcare and welfare were the main aims of post-war domestic politics.
Art and science
Mervyn Peake publishes Titus Groan
; the first of his Gormenghast Trilogy
. The three novels are regarded as classics of the fantasy genre, although they contain no magic or intelligent non-human characters, so might more appropriately be described as belonging to the 'gothic' or 'fantastic' genre.
Nazi officials are tried for their part in the War and the Holocaust at Nuremberg. The trials were to prosecute war criminals and the location was chosen because it was the site of the annual Nazi rallies, and therefore seen as a fitting place for the demise of the party. The Nuremberg Trials paved the way for post-war developments in international criminal law.