Jonathan Tyers and his family

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© National Portrait Gallery, London

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Jonathan Tyers and his family

by Francis Hayman
oil on canvas, 1740
30 5/8 in. x 41 3/4 in. (778 mm x 1062 mm)
Purchased, 1983
Primary Collection
NPG 5588

Artistback to top

  • Francis Hayman (circa 1707-1776), Painter. Artist or producer associated with 15 portraits, Sitter in 6 portraits.

Sittersback to top

Linked publicationsback to top

  • Smartify image discovery app
  • Cooper, John, A Guide to the National Portrait Gallery, 2009, p. 28 Read entry

    Over the fireplace is a medallion portrait of Frederick, Prince of Wales, Tyler’s ground landlord at Vauxhall Gardens and the most prestigious patron of his successful commercial enterprise.

  • Marsh, Jan, The Pre-Raphaelite Circle, 2013, p. 65 Read entry

    '[A] year or two before his death, I found him in his quiet Brantwood home - to look at just like Lear in the last scene,' wrote one of the last visitors to Ruskin's Lakeland house.

  • Saywell, David; Simon, Jacob, Complete Illustrated Catalogue, 2004, p. 725

Events of 1740back to top

Current affairs

The song Rule, Britannia! by Thomas Arne is performed for the first time at Cliveden, the country home of Frederick, Prince of Wales.
A now discredited account by antiquarian William Stukely asserts that Stonehenge was built by druids.

Art and science

Samuel Richardson publishes the first two volumes of Pamela, or Virtue Rewarded, the best-selling novel of the period.
Artists Joshua Reynolds and Thomas Gainsborough both arrive in London. Reynolds is apprenticed to the leading portrait-painter Thomas Hudson, while Gainsborough begins his artistic training with the French engraver and illustrator Hubert-Francois Gravelot.


Death of the Holy Roman Emperor Charles VI and the succession of his eldest daughter Maria Térèsa heralds the start of the War of the Austrian Succession. Britain, already fighting Spain (in the War of Jenkin's Ear), is drawn into the wider conflict as an ally of Austria until 1748.
Frederick II becomes King of Prussia.
Pope Benedict XIV succeeds Pope Clement XII as the 247th pope.

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