Jonathan Tyers and his family
Jonathan Tyers and his family
by Francis Hayman
oil on canvas, 1740
30 5/8 in. x 41 3/4 in. (778 mm x 1062 mm)
On display in Room 10 at the National Portrait Gallery
Artistback to top
- Francis Hayman (1707 or 1708-1776), Painter. Artist associated with 13 portraits, Sitter in 6 portraits.
Sittersback to top
- Elizabeth Tyers (1700-1771), Wife of Jonathan Tyers. Sitter in 1 portrait.
- Elizabeth Tyers (1727-1802), Daughter of Jonathan Tyers. Sitter in 1 portrait.
- Jonathan Tyers (1702-1767), Proprietor of Vauxhall Gardens. Sitter in 1 portrait.
- Jonathan Tyers Jr (circa 1728-1792), Part owner of Vauxhall Gardens; son of Jonathan Tyers. Sitter in 1 portrait.
- Margaret Tyers (1724-1786), Daughter of Jonathan Tyers. Sitter in 1 portrait.
- Thomas Tyers (1726-1787), Eldest son of Jonathan Tyers. Sitter in 2 portraits.
This portraitback to top
Jonathan Tyers made the pleasure gardens at Vauxhall a highly fashionable resort for Londoners of all classes. He commissioned Roubiliac to make the great statue of Handel for the gardens and he added an orchestra pavilion and a series of elaborate walks, fountains and temples. This family group shows Tyers taking tea with his wife Elizabeth and their two sons and two daughters. His eldest son Thomas, in gown and mortar-board, later took over the management of the gardens. Over the fireplace is a medallion portrait of Frederick Prince of Wales, Tyers's most prestigious patron.
Linked publicationsback to top
- Audio Guide
- Smartify image discovery app
- Cooper, John, A Guide to the National Portrait Gallery, 2009, p. 28 Read entry
Over the fireplace is a medallion portrait of Frederick, Prince of Wales, Tyler’s ground landlord at Vauxhall Gardens and the most prestigious patron of his successful commercial enterprise.
- Marsh, Jan, The Pre-Raphaelite Circle, 2013, p. 65 Read entry
'[A] year or two before his death, I found him in his quiet Brantwood home - to look at just like Lear in the last scene,' wrote one of the last visitors to Ruskin's Lakeland house.
- Saywell, David; Simon, Jacob, Complete Illustrated Catalogue, 2004, p. 725
Subjects & Themesback to top
Events of 1740back to top
Current affairsThe song Rule, Britannia! by Thomas Arne is performed for the first time at Cliveden, the country home of Frederick, Prince of Wales.
A now discredited account by antiquarian William Stukely asserts that Stonehenge was built by druids.
Art and scienceSamuel Richardson publishes the first two volumes of Pamela, or Virtue Rewarded, the best-selling novel of the period.
Artists Joshua Reynolds and Thomas Gainsborough both arrive in London. Reynolds is apprenticed to the leading portrait-painter Thomas Hudson, while Gainsborough begins his artistic training with the French engraver and illustrator Hubert-Francois Gravelot.
InternationalDeath of the Holy Roman Emperor Charles VI and the succession of his eldest daughter Maria Térèsa heralds the start of the War of the Austrian Succession. Britain, already fighting Spain (in the War of Jenkin's Ear), is drawn into the wider conflict as an ally of Austria until 1748.
Frederick II becomes King of Prussia.
Pope Benedict XIV succeeds Pope Clement XII as the 247th pope.