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Jonathan Tyers and his family

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- subject matching 'Fireplaces'

Jonathan Tyers and his family, by Francis Hayman, 1740 - NPG 5588 - © National Portrait Gallery, London

© National Portrait Gallery, London

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Jonathan Tyers and his family

by Francis Hayman
oil on canvas, 1740
30 5/8 in. x 41 3/4 in. (778 mm x 1062 mm)
Purchased, 1983
Primary Collection
NPG 5588

On display in Room 10 at the National Portrait Gallery

Artistback to top

  • Francis Hayman (1707 or 1708-1776), Painter. Artist associated with 13 portraits, Sitter in 6 portraits.

Sittersback to top

  • Elizabeth Tyers (1700-1771), Wife of Jonathan Tyers. Sitter in 1 portrait.
  • Elizabeth Tyers (1727-1802), Daughter of Jonathan Tyers. Sitter in 1 portrait.
  • Jonathan Tyers (1702-1767), Proprietor of Vauxhall Gardens. Sitter in 1 portrait.
  • Jonathan Tyers Jr (circa 1728-1792), Part owner of Vauxhall Gardens; son of Jonathan Tyers. Sitter in 1 portrait.
  • Margaret Tyers (1724-1786), Daughter of Jonathan Tyers. Sitter in 1 portrait.
  • Thomas Tyers (1726-1787), Eldest son of Jonathan Tyers. Sitter in 2 portraits.

This portraitback to top

Jonathan Tyers made the pleasure gardens at Vauxhall a highly fashionable resort for Londoners of all classes. He commissioned Roubiliac to make the great statue of Handel for the gardens and he added an orchestra pavilion and a series of elaborate walks, fountains and temples. This family group shows Tyers taking tea with his wife Elizabeth and their two sons and two daughters. His eldest son Thomas, in gown and mortar-board, later took over the management of the gardens. Over the fireplace is a medallion portrait of Frederick Prince of Wales, Tyers's most prestigious patron.

Linked publicationsback to top

Events of 1740back to top

Current affairs

The song Rule, Britannia! by Thomas Arne is performed for the first time at Cliveden, the country home of Frederick, Prince of Wales.
A now discredited account by antiquarian William Stukely asserts that Stonehenge was built by druids.

Art and science

Samuel Richardson publishes the first two volumes of Pamela, or Virtue Rewarded, the best-selling novel of the period.
Artists Joshua Reynolds and Thomas Gainsborough both arrive in London. Reynolds is apprenticed to the leading portrait-painter Thomas Hudson, while Gainsborough begins his artistic training with the French engraver and illustrator Hubert-Francois Gravelot.


Death of the Holy Roman Emperor Charles VI and the succession of his eldest daughter Maria Térèsa heralds the start of the War of the Austrian Succession. Britain, already fighting Spain (in the War of Jenkin's Ear), is drawn into the wider conflict as an ally of Austria until 1748.
Frederick II becomes King of Prussia.
Pope Benedict XIV succeeds Pope Clement XII as the 247th pope.

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