The Homage-Giving: Westminster Abbey, 9th August, 1902
3 of 32 portraits of John George Edward Henry Douglas Sutherland Campbell, 9th Duke of Argyll
The Homage-Giving: Westminster Abbey, 9th August, 1902
by John Henry Frederick Bacon
oil on canvas, 1903
38 in. x 72 in. (965 mm x 1829 mm)
Bequeathed by Miss M.E.B. Samson through the Art Fund, in memory of her father, 1989
Artistback to top
- John Henry Frederick Bacon (1868-1914), Artist. Artist associated with 5 portraits, Sitter in 1 portrait.
Sittersback to top
- Queen Alexandra (1844-1925), Queen of Edward VII. Sitter associated with 476 portraits, Artist associated with 10 portraits.
- John George Edward Henry Douglas Sutherland Campbell, 9th Duke of Argyll (1845-1914), Governor-General of Canada. Sitter in 32 portraits.
- Prince Arthur, 1st Duke of Connaught and Strathearn (1850-1942), Field Marshal, Governor General of Canada; son of Queen Victoria. Sitter associated with 158 portraits.
- Mary Bell (née Dyke) (1875-1962), Maid of Honour to Queen Alexandra; wife of Matthew Gerald Edward Bell. Sitter in 1 portrait.
- William Boyd Carpenter (1841-1918), Bishop of Ripon. Sitter in 16 portraits.
- Louisa Jane (née Hamilton), Duchess of Buccleuch (1836-1912), Mistress of the Robes to Queen Victoria and to Queen Alexandra; wife of 6th Duke of Buccleuch; daughter of 1st Duke of Abercorn. Sitter in 2 portraits.
- George Henry Hugh Cholmondeley, 4th Marquess of Cholmondeley (1858-1923), Lord Chamberlain. Sitter in 2 portraits.
- Lord Alwyne Compton (1825-1906), Bishop of Ely. Sitter in 6 portraits.
- Randall Thomas Davidson, Baron Davidson of Lambeth (1848-1930), Archbishop of Canterbury. Sitter associated with 25 portraits.
- Dudley Charles Fitzgerald de Ros, 24th Baron de Ros (1827-1907), Army officer and royal courtier. Sitter in 4 portraits.
- Robinson Duckworth (1834-1911), Canon of Westminster. Sitter in 7 portraits.
- King Edward VII (1841-1910), Reigned 1901-10. Sitter associated with 506 portraits.
- King George V (1865-1936), Reigned 1910-36. Sitter in 476 portraits.
- Sylvia, Lady Gleichen (1880-1942), Maid of Honour successively to Queen Victoria and Queen Alexandra. Sitter in 1 portrait.
- Charles Gore (1853-1932), Bishop of Worcester, Birmingham and Oxford; theologian. Sitter in 7 portraits.
- Augustus Charles Lennox FitzRoy, 7th Duke of Grafton (1821-1918), General. Sitter associated with 4 portraits.
- Herbert Hensley Henson (1863-1947), Bishop of Durham. Sitter in 8 portraits.
- George Wyndham Kennion (1845-1922), Bishop of Bath and Wells. Sitter in 4 portraits.
- Charles George Bingham, 4h Earl of Lucan (1830-1914), Politician; Lord Lieutenant and MP for Mayo. Sitter in 3 portraits.
- Edith Bulwer-Lytton (née Villiers), Countess of Lytton (1841-1936), Lady of the Bedchamber to Queen Victoria and Queen Alexandra. Sitter in 4 portraits.
- William Dalrymple Maclagan (1826-1910), Bishop of Lichfield and Archbishop of York. Sitter in 14 portraits.
- Handley Carr Glyn Moule (1841-1920), Bishop of Durham. Sitter in 3 portraits.
- Henry Fitzalan-Howard, 15th Duke of Norfolk (1847-1917), Postmaster General. Sitter in 18 portraits.
- Frederick Sleigh Roberts, 1st Earl Roberts (1832-1914), Field Marshal. Sitter in 81 portraits.
- Joseph Armitage Robinson (1858-1933), Dean of Westminster and Dean of Wells. Sitter in 3 portraits.
- Charles Henry John Chetwynd-Talbot, 20th Earl of Shrewsbury (1860-1921), Lord High Steward of Ireland. Sitter in 4 portraits.
- Frederick Temple (1821-1902), Archbishop of Canterbury. Sitter in 30 portraits.
- Albert Basil Orme Wilberforce (1841-1916), Archdeacon of Westminster; son of Samuel Wilberforce. Sitter associated with 38 portraits.
- Henry William Montagu Paulet, 16th Marquess of Winchester (1862-1962), Peer, landowner, soldier, politician and businessman. Sitter in 3 portraits.
- Arthur Foley Winnington-Ingram (1858-1946), Bishop of London. Sitter associated with 53 portraits.
This portraitback to top
This picture commemorates the part of the coronation ceremony during which the king, already crowned, receives the homage of the nobility and clergy. The focus to the portrait is one of the more touching moments in the proceedings. Kneeling before the king, the elderly Archbishop of Canterbury, Frederick Temple, had found difficulty in rising again. As The Times reported, 'the King himself takes him by the right hand to help to raise him. Slowly and painfully, as it seems, the Archbishop regains his feet, and then he leans forward and kisses the King on the cheek; but, as he turns to leave, the King takes him again by the hand and clasps it with a gesture of regard too spontaneous and cordial to escape the most casual observation'. Among the many identifiable figures, the Prince of Wales is shown in the foreground and Queen Alexandra is seated to the right.
Linked publicationsback to top
- Cannadine, Sir David (Introduction); Cooper, Tarnya; Stewart, Louise; MacGibbon, Rab; Cox, Paul; Peltz, Lucy; Moorhouse, Paul; Broadley, Rosie; Jascot-Gill, Sabina ., Tudors to Windsors: British Royal Portraits, 2018 (accompanying the exhibition at the National Portrait Gallery from The Museum of Fine Arts, Houston, Texas, USA, 7 October 2018 -3 February 2019. Bendigo Art Gallery, Australia, 16 March - 14 July 2019.), p. 22
- Saywell, David; Simon, Jacob, Complete Illustrated Catalogue, 2004, p. 728
Placesback to top
- Place portrayed: United Kingdom: England, London (Westminster Abbey, Westminster, London)
Subjects & Themesback to top
Events of 1903back to top
Current affairsEmmeline Pankhurst forms the militant organisation, the Women's Social and Political Union, campaigning for greater rights for women and to secure them the vote. Its members were known as 'suffragettes', and adopted the slogan of 'Deeds, not words'.
Joseph Chamberlain resigns as Colonial Secretary to campaign for tariff reform and an end to free trade, a key economic issue which splits the Conservative party.
Art and scienceHenry James publishes The Ambassadors. Autobiographical in tone, it movingly and humorously traces the conversion of the American Lewis Lambert Strether, sent to Paris to find his widowed fiancee Mrs Newsome's wayward son Chad, to European culture.
Charles Rennie Mackintosh, the leading Scottish arts and crafts designer and architect, designs the Willow tea rooms in Glasgow for his patron, Miss Catherine Cranston.
InternationalThe Bolsheviks (meaning 'the majority'), a faction of the exiled Marxist Russian Social Democratic Labour Party, are formed after splitting from the Mensheviks at the Second Party Congress in London.
After gaining independence following the end of the Spanish-American war, Cuba is forced to accept a permanent US military presence at Guantánamo Bay.