Sir Charles Wheatstone and his family
Sir Charles Wheatstone and his family
by Antoine Claudet
stereoscopic daguerreotype, arched top, 1851-1852
2 7/8 in. x 2 1/4 in. (73 mm x 57 mm)
Given by Governing Body of King's College, London, 1980
Sittersback to top
- Florence Caroline Turle (née Wheatstone) (1850-1926), Daughter of Sir Charles Wheatstone. Sitter in 1 portrait.
- Arthur William Frederick Wheatstone (1848-1898), Annuitant; son of Sir Charles Wheatstone. Sitter in 1 portrait.
- Sir Charles Wheatstone (1802-1875), Scientist and inventor. Sitter in 7 portraits.
- Charles Pablo Wheatstone (1847-1886), Son of Sir Charles Wheatstone. Sitter in 1 portrait.
- Emma Wheatstone (circa 1813-1865), Wife of Sir Charles Wheatstone. Sitter in 1 portrait.
Artistback to top
- Antoine Claudet (1797-1867), Photographer and inventor. Artist associated with 43 portraits.
This portraitback to top
Charles Wheatstone began his career as a musical instrument maker, and from the start revealed his powers as an inventor when he patented the concertina (1829). He was the first to make possible the sending of messages by electiric telegraph, a pioneer of submarine telegraphy, and instrumental in the creation of the modern dynamo. He has a special place in the history of photography, for in 1832 he invented the stereoscope, by which an impression of solidity in an image is obtained through the combination of two pictures in slightly dissimilar perspective. This stereoscopic daguerreotype shows Wheatstone with his family grouped around a table on which is the wave model (c.1840) with which he demonstrated the wave properties of light.
Watch a Digital interpretation of the original stereoscopic card here.
Linked publicationsback to top
- Piper, David, The English Face, 1992, p. 202
- Rogers, Malcolm, Camera Portraits, 1989 (accompanying the exhibition at the National Portrait Gallery from 20 October 1989 - 21 January 1990), p. 25 Read entry
The sitters are (left to right): Arthur William Frederick, son (born 1848); Wheatstone; Florence Caroline, daughter (born 1850); Charles Pablo, son (born 1857), and Emma West, Mrs Wheatstone (c.1813-65), who died before her husband's knighthood.
Charles Wheatstone began his career as a musical instrument maker, and from the start revealed his powers as an inventor when he patented the concertina (1829). He was the first to make possible the sending of messages by electric telegraph, a pioneer of submarine telegraphy, and instrumental in the creation of the modern dynamo. In the history of photography he has a special place, for in 1832 he invented the stereoscope, by which an impression of solidity in an image is obtained through the combination of two pictures in slightly dissimilar perspective. He announced his discovery in 1838, a year before the invention of photography, and, on the publication of Fox Talbot's and Daguerre's work, he quickly asked the leading photographers (among them Richard Beard) to take pictures for his instrument. It was not however until the invention of the lenticular stereoscope by Sir David Brewster in 1849 that it was possible to obtain a satisfactory result from stereo-daguerreotypes. These were displayed at the Great Exhibition in 1851, and thereafter achieved widespread popularity. This seems to have gone to the head of Brewster, who claimed pre-eminence over Wheatstone, and there followed a war of words in which the Scotsman showed especial spite.
Claudet, a native of Lyons, came to London in 1829 and opened a glass warehouse in High Holborn. He was the first to import daguerreotypes and cameras from France, and soon eclipsed his rival Beard. He applied himself keenly to the development of stereoscopic photography, and was largely responsible for its popularity. His pictures were taken by two cameras set up side by side - there was no binocular camera - and this gives them an effect of exaggerated rotundity. This historic photograph shows the inventor of the stereoscope surrounded by his family. A man of 'an almost morbid timidity', he turns away from the cameras to examine one of his own inventions, the wave model (c.1840) by which he demonstrated the wave properties of light.
- Saywell, David; Simon, Jacob, Complete Illustrated Catalogue, 2004, p. 735
Subjects & Themesback to top
Events of 1851back to top
Current affairsA population census is taken of all the people living in Britain, recording details about every householder on the night of March 30. This census greatly extends the fields of the 1841 census, being the first to record full details of individuals' birth locations, exact age, marital status, and details of disability, thus making it a valuable tool for demographers and genealogists. The census was made open for public inspection in 1912.
Art and scienceThe Great Exhibition is held in London,at the Crystal Palace, especially designed by Sir Joseph Paxton. The international exhibition was designed to showcase the best in science, art and industry. it attracted millions of visitors.
Lizzie Siddal poses for John Millais's painting Ophelia.
Hermann von Helmotz invents the ophthalmoscope, making it possible for doctors to examine within a patient's eye.