The Cadogan Express
- Extended Catalogue Entry
The Cadogan Express
by Clara Pusey
pen and ink, circa 1856
6 1/2 x 8 7/8 in. (165 x 225 mm)
Sittersback to top
- Edward Bouverie Pusey (1800-1882), Church of England clergyman and university professor; a leader of the Oxford Movement. Sitter in 14 portraits.
- Samuel Wilberforce (1805-1873), Bishop of Oxford and of Winchester; son of William Wilberforce; Trustee of the National Portrait Gallery. Sitter in 84 portraits.
Artistback to top
- Clara Pusey (1835-1911), Artist; wife of Francis Charteris Fletcher; daughter of Philip Pusey and Emily Frances Theresa Pusey (née Herbert). Artist of 7 portraits, Sitter in 1 portrait.
Events of 1856back to top
Current affairsQueen Victoria introduces the Victoria cross, an award for British soldiers who displayed exceptional valour in battle. Each medal was produced from Russian guns captured in the British war. In 2006, Lance Corporal Johnson Beharry became the first living recipient of the Victoria Cross since 1965, for his actions in the Iraq war.
Art and scienceThe National Portrait Gallery is founded by Philip Henry Stanhope, 5th Earl of Stanhope, Thomas Babington Macaulay, and Thomas Carlyle, all biographers and historians. Historical rather than artistic in focus, the Gallery's aim was to collect original portraits of outstanding figures from British history, notably from politics, the arts, literature and science.
Elizabeth Barrett Browning publishes her epic and autobiographical poem Aurora Leigh.
InternationalThe Treaty of Paris ends the Crimean war. Russia concedes to the Anglo-French-Austrian Four Points of August 1854 including the guarantee of Ottoman sovereignty and territorial integrity. Russia also agreed to a demilitarisation of the land islands in the Baltics, a term which lasted until the outbreak of the First World War.
Britain launches the second Opium war against China.
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