Joseph Charles Parkinson
3 of 5 portraits of Joseph Charles Parkinson
Joseph Charles Parkinson
by Oliver François Xavier Sarony
albumen carte-de-visite, circa 1865
3 3/8 in. x 2 1/8 in. (86 mm x 55 mm) image size
Given by Algernon Graves, 1916
Sitterback to top
- Joseph Charles Parkinson (1833-1908), Journalist, civil servant and social reformer. Sitter associated with 5 portraits.
Artistback to top
- Oliver François Xavier Sarony (1820-1879), Portrait photographer; brother of Napoleon Sarony. Artist associated with 13 portraits, Sitter in 4 portraits.
Placesback to top
- Place made: United Kingdom: England, Yorkshire (photographers' studio, Sarony Square, Scarborough, Yorkshire)
Events of 1865back to top
Current affairsElizabeth Garrett Anderson is the first female to be awarded a doctor's licence. She is also involved in collecting signatures for the Manchester Suffrage Committee, the first suffrage organisation, formed this year. John Stuart Mill was also elected to parliament this year on the platform of women's suffrage.
Palmerston dies in October, and is replaced as leader of the Liberal government by his Foreign Secretary, Lord Russell.
Art and scienceLewis Carroll's Alice in Wonderland is published, inspired by Carroll's relationship (as Oxford don Charles Dodgson) with his friend Henry George Liddell's daughter Alice.
Matthew Arnold publishes the first series of Essays in Criticism, a defining text in the development of English literature as an academic discipline.
InternationalIn the American civil war, Robert E. Lee surrenders the Confederate Army of Northern Virginia to Ulysses S. Grant, leading to the surrender of the Confederacy's remaining field armies. A few days later, US President Abraham Lincoln is shot dead by Confederate sympathiser John Wilkes Booth. Later this year slavery is officially abolished after years of fierce campaigning. In response, the first branch of the Ku Klux Klan is founded on Christmas Eve.
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