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The Martyrdome of John Cardmaker and John Warne (John Cardmaker; John Warne (Warren))

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The Martyrdome of John Cardmaker and John Warne (John Cardmaker; John Warne (Warren))

after Unknown artist
woodcut, published 1563 or after
5 7/8 in. x 7 7/8 in. (149 mm x 200 mm) paper size
Purchased with help from the Friends of the National Libraries and the Pilgrim Trust, 1966
Reference Collection
NPG D21250

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Related worksback to top

  • NPG D45871: The Martyrdome of John Cardmaker and John Warne (John Cardmaker; John Warne (Warren)) (from same plate)

Events of 1563back to top

Current affairs

Anglican Church doctrine is established by the Thirty-Nine Articles of Religion. The Articles represent a middle ground between the theology and practices of the Catholic Church and those of continental Protestant reformers.
Queen Elizabeth I comes under increased pressure from Parliament to marry and name a successor.
Plague epidemic sweeps across Europe, 20,000 inhabitants of London are killed.

Art and science

Publication of John Foxe's Actes and Monuments (or Book of Martyrs), which vividly describes the persecution of Protestants under Queen Mary I and exercises a considerable influence on English Protestant attitudes.
Parliament orders the translation of the Elizabethan Prayer Book into Welsh.


The Council of Trent closes. Since convening in 1545 it reasserted the doctrines of the Catholic Church in answer to the Protestant Reformation.
Assassination of Francis, Duke of Guise, leader of the French Catholic forces against Protestants (known as Huguenots).
The Peace of Amboise ends the First French War of Religion. Huguenots gain limited toleration. A force of united French Catholics and Protestants regains La Havre from the English.

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