Richard Cromwell

1 portrait by William Haynesworth

Richard Cromwell, by William Haynesworth, sold by  Peter Stent, circa 1659 - NPG D21358 - © National Portrait Gallery, London

© National Portrait Gallery, London

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Richard Cromwell

by William Haynesworth, sold by Peter Stent
line engraving, circa 1659
9 5/8 in. x 7 in. (245 mm x 177 mm) plate size; 11 3/4 in. x 7 3/4 in. (298 mm x 198 mm) paper size
Given by Harold Lee-Dillon, 17th Viscount Dillon, 1925
Reference Collection
NPG D21358

Sitterback to top

  • Richard Cromwell (1626-1712), Lord Protector of England. Sitter associated with 22 portraits.

Artistsback to top

  • William Haynesworth (active 1659), Engraver. Artist associated with 1 portrait.
  • Peter Stent (circa 1613-1665), Printseller and printer. Artist associated with 71 portraits.

Events of 1659back to top

Current affairs

Amid fears of a military insurrection and petitions calling for the re-establishment of the Commonwealth, Lord Protector, Richard Cromwell resigns. The Rump Parliament is reinstated, abolishing the Protectorate.
Royalist uprising, led by Colonel George Booth, is suppressed.
Anne Hyde secretly marries James, Duke of York in the Netherlands.

Art and science

Dutch astronomer, Christiaan Huygens, publishes Systema Saturnium, expounding his theory that rings surround planet Saturn. It also includes the first known drawing of the Orion Nebula.
Diarist, John Evelyn, publishes the pro-royalist tracts, A Character of England and An Apology for the Royal Party, two of his earliest works.


International

The position of Henry Cromwell, younger son of Oliver Cromwell, as chief administrator of Ireland collapses soon after the fall of his brother, Richard Cromwell and the Protectorate. He returns to England in June, never to return to Ireland.

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