1 portrait by William Haynesworth
by William Haynesworth, sold by Peter Stent
line engraving, circa 1659
9 5/8 in. x 7 in. (245 mm x 177 mm) plate size; 11 3/4 in. x 7 3/4 in. (298 mm x 198 mm) paper size
Given by Harold Lee-Dillon, 17th Viscount Dillon, 1925
Sitterback to top
- Richard Cromwell (1626-1712), Lord Protector of England. Sitter associated with 22 portraits.
Artistsback to top
Events of 1659back to top
Current affairsAmid fears of a military insurrection and petitions calling for the re-establishment of the Commonwealth, Lord Protector, Richard Cromwell resigns. The Rump Parliament is reinstated, abolishing the Protectorate.
Royalist uprising, led by Colonel George Booth, is suppressed.
Anne Hyde secretly marries James, Duke of York in the Netherlands.
Art and scienceDutch astronomer, Christiaan Huygens, publishes Systema Saturnium, expounding his theory that rings surround planet Saturn. It also includes the first known drawing of the Orion Nebula.
Diarist, John Evelyn, publishes the pro-royalist tracts, A Character of England and An Apology for the Royal Party, two of his earliest works.