'The Five Orders of Perriwigs'
9 of 11 portraits of William Warburton
'The Five Orders of Perriwigs'
by William Hogarth
etching, published 1761
11 5/8 in. x 8 1/4 in. (295 mm x 210 mm) paper size
Artistback to top
- William Hogarth (1697-1764), Painter and engraver. Artist associated with 128 portraits, Sitter associated with 19 portraits.
Sittersback to top
- Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz (1744-1818), Queen consort of George III. Sitter associated with 84 portraits.
- George Bubb Dodington, Baron Melcombe (1691-1762), British ambassador to Spain, wit, patron of literature and politician; MP for Bridgwater. Sitter in 7 portraits.
- Elizabeth Percy (née Seymour), Duchess of Northumberland (1716-1776), Courtier and diarist. Sitter in 10 portraits.
- Samuel Squire (1714-1766), Bishop of St David's. Sitter in 2 portraits.
- James Stuart (1713-1788), Painter and architect. Sitter in 6 portraits.
- William Warburton (1698-1779), Bishop of Gloucester, critic and writer. Sitter associated with 11 portraits.
This portraitback to top
Wigs dominated male costume from half way through the seventeenth century until the 1790s. The 'fullbottomed' wigs worn by the Kit-Cats were made of curled and frizzed human hair sewn into net caps. Such expensive items displayed the wearer's wealth and status as they needed daily combing and powdering by a barber or valet. Fashions in wigs changed over time. As men shaved their heads, when at home they swapped their wigs for soft caps. Being painted wearing a 'nightcap' was the height of confident informality.
Events of 1761back to top
Current affairsGeorge, Prince of Wales marries Princess Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz at St James' Palace. He is crowned George III two weeks later.
Buckingham House, on the site of present-day Buckingham Palace, is purchased for the royal family.
Bridgewater canal, engineered by James Brindley, opens as Britain's first canal.
Art and scienceEstablishment of Matthew Boulton's toy factory, the Soho Manufactory, near Birmingham; considered the first modern factory in Britain.
Allan Ramsay becomes Painter to the King.
InternationalSeven Years' War: General Sir Eyre Coote captures Pondicherry from the French in India. A combined Prussian-Hanoverian-British force led by Prince Ferdinand of Brunswick defeats a large French army at the Battle of Villinghausen. France and Spain sign the Pacte de Famille forming an alliance against Britain. Prime Minister William Pitt the Elder fails to garner support to declare war on Spain.
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