© National Portrait Gallery, London
James Clerk Maxwell
by George J. Stodart, after John Fergus
stipple engraving, circa 1882
5 3/4 in. x 3 3/8 in. (147 mm x 86 mm) paper size
Bequeathed by L.M. Griffiths, 1924
- John Fergus (1840-1908), Photographer. Artist associated with 8 portraits.
- George J. Stodart (active 1884-1892), Engraver. Artist associated with 30 portraits.
The Ashes Test cricket series is born. The series gets its name from a satirical obituary published in the English newspaper The Sporting Times
, stating that English cricket had died and its cremated body was being taken back to Australia, after England, with batsmen W. G. Grace and Charles Studd, lost the first home match to Australia at the Oval.
The Married Women's Property Act is passed, securing equal property rights between married couples.
Art and science
Eadweard Muybridge, British photographer, exhibits his images of animal and human motion, captured with his 'zoopraxiscope', a motion-picture machine recreating movement by displaying individual photographs in rapid succession, at the Royal Academy and Royal Institution. His studies and inventions contributed to the development of motion pictures, with E.J. Marey and the Lumiere brothers acknowledging his impact.
The Zioinist movement begins, with the first wave of Jewish immigrants to Palestine, at this time part of the Ottoman empire. The Jewish people were in Diaspora, spread across the world, and Palestine, the place of Jewish origin but now also occupied by Muslims and Christians, seemed a logical place for a settlement.