by Sir George Scharf, after Unknown artist, and after John Young, after Thomas Phillips, and after Benjamin Smith, after Thomas Kearsley
pencil on tracing paper, 9 June 1860
14 3/4 in. x 11 1/8 in. (375 mm x 282 mm) paper size
Artistsback to top
- Thomas Kearsley (1773-circa 1801), Painter. Artist associated with 8 portraits.
- Thomas Phillips (1770-1845), Portrait painter. Artist associated with 216 portraits, Sitter in 4 portraits.
- Sir George Scharf (1820-1895), Artist and art historian; first Director and later trustee of the National Portrait Gallery. Artist associated with 587 portraits, Sitter in 79 portraits.
- Benjamin Smith (circa 1754-1833), Engraver, printseller and publisher. Artist associated with 16 portraits.
- Unknown artist, Artist. Artist associated with 6557 portraits.
- John Young (1755-1825), Mezzotint engraver. Artist associated with 47 portraits, Sitter in 1 portrait.
Events of 1860back to top
Current affairsAn early feminist movement, The Society for Promoting the Employment of Women is founded by Adelaide Anne Proctor, Emily Faithfull, Helen Blackburn, Bessie Parks, Emily Davies, Barbara Bodichon, and Jessie Boucherett.
The Florence Nightingale Training School for Nurses opens at St Thomas's Hospital, in London, funded from the testimonial fund collected for Nightingale following her war services, and helping to establish nursing as a profession.
Art and scienceWilliam Morris and new wife Jane Burden move into the Red House, near Bexleyheath, Kent. The house, designed by Philip Webb, represents Morris's principle in interior design, that no object should be in a house that is not beautiful.
Ford Madox Brown paints The Last of England, showing a boat of emigrants leaving England under desperate circumstances, inspired by the emigration of the Pre-Raphaelite Thomas Woolner to Australia in 1852.
InternationalItalian unification continues as the Treaty of Turin brings much of Northern Italy under nationalist leader Cavour's control, who cedes Savoy and Nice to France. Garibaldi siezes the opportunity to invade Marsala in Sicily with his army of 1,000 redshirts, proclaiming himself dictator in the name of Victor Emmanuel II.
Republican Abraham Lincoln becomes President of the US, with only 39% of the popular vote.
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