1 of 2 portraits of Nicolas Boileau-Despréaux
by Sir George Scharf, after François Chéreau the Elder, after Hyacinthe Rigaud
pen and ink, circa 1857-1895 (1716)
6 in. x 4 1/8 in. (151 mm x 104 mm) paper size
Artistsback to top
- François Chéreau the Elder (1680-1729), Engraver. Artist associated with 9 portraits.
- Hyacinthe Rigaud (1659-1743), Artist. Artist associated with 6 portraits.
- Sir George Scharf (1820-1895), Artist and art historian; first Director of the National Portrait Gallery. Artist associated with 585 portraits, Sitter in 79 portraits.
Events of 1857back to top
Current affairsPalmerston passes the Matrimonial Causes Act in the face of parliamentary opposition. The act establishes divorce courts, although women, unlike men, are not allowed to sue for divorce on the grounds of adultery.
The Manchester Art Treasures Exhibition is held, a follow-up to the Great Exhibition of 1851, although highlighting Britain's private art collections rather than industry and technology. More than 1.3 million people visit the event.
Art and scienceElizabeth Gaskell publishes The Life of Charlotte Brontë, a year after the author's death. The controversial biography consolidates the myth of the Brontë sisters as isolated geniuses living in remote Yorkshire.
Illustrator George Scharf becomes the first Secretary of the National Portrait Gallery, overseeing the collection's growth and its several moves around London before a permanent home is established in 1896, the year after Scharf's death.