3 of 17 portraits of Martin Luther
by Robert Boissard, after Lucas Cranach the Elder
line engraving, circa 1597
5 3/8 in. x 4 1/8 in. (138 mm x 105 mm) plate size; 6 5/8 in. x 5 3/8 in. (167 mm x 138 mm) paper size
Given by Henry Witte Martin, 1861
Sitterback to top
- Martin Luther (1483-1546), German religious reformer. Sitter associated with 17 portraits.
Artistsback to top
Linked displays and exhibitionsback to top
- 1517: Martin Luther and the English Reformation (21 July 2017 - 2 December 2018)
Events of 1597back to top
Current affairsPhilip II of Spain launches another armada against England. As in 1588, the fleet is dispersed by a storm, which is celebrated as divine intervention.
Robert Devereux, Earl of Essex is made Earl Marshall.
Charles Howard, Baron Howard of Effingham is created Earl of Nottingham.
King James VI of Scotland (later James I of England) publishes Daemonologie, an attack on witchcraft that incites a fever for witch-hunts.
Art and scienceWilliam Shakespeare writes The Merchant of Venice.
The musician John Dowland publishes The First Booke of Songes or Ayres, the most successful music publication of the period.
InternationalPhilip II of Spain opens peace negotiations with Henry IV of France after his army in the Spanish Netherlands fails to defeat the forces of France or the Protestant United Provinces of the northern Netherlands.
The Japanese ruler Toyotomi Hideyoshi lunches a second invasion of Korea.