by Herbert Watkins
albumen carte-de-visite, 1868
3 1/2 in. x 2 3/8 in. (88 mm x 60 mm) image size
Given by Jane Souter Hipkins, 1930
Sitterback to top
- Clara Josephine Schumann (née Wieck) (1819-1896), Pianist and composer; wife of Robert Schumann. Sitter in 8 portraits.
Artistback to top
- (George) Herbert Watkins (1828-1916), Photographer. Artist associated with 260 portraits, Sitter in 1 portrait.
Events of 1868back to top
Current affairsFollowing the Earl of Derby's resignation, Benjamin Disraeli becomes Prime Minister. However, following a near immediate Liberal election victory, he is replaced as Prime Minister by Gladstone. Gladstone sets out his mission to 'pacify Ireland'.
Separately, the first meeting of the Trades Union Congress (TUC) is held in Manchester.
Public executions are abolished, and are moved from outside Newgate gaol to inside the prison.
Art and scienceWilkie Collins's The Moonstone published. Credited with writing the first sensation novel The Woman in White, Collins's claims another first here, as the mystery surrounding the disappearance of the Herncastle diamond, is recognised as one of the first detective novels.
InternationalAn uprising against Spanish rule in Cuba sparks off the Ten Years' War, in which 200,000 lives are lost. Cubans in the eastern provinces unite under wealthy planter Carlos Manuel de Cespedes. Another armed uprising takes place against Spanish rule in the town of Lares in Puerto Rico, known as the 'Grito de Lares'.
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