Caroline Lucretia Herschel
Caroline Lucretia Herschel
by Joseph Brown, after Unknown artist
stipple engraving, circa 1842
8 in. x 5 3/4 in. (203 mm x 145 mm) plate size
Purchased with help from the Friends of the National Libraries and the Pilgrim Trust, 1966
Artistsback to top
This portraitback to top
This engraving was produced when Caroline Herschel was ninety-two by which time her nephew, John(1792-1871) was continuing the work of mapping binary stars.
Linked publicationsback to top
- Hart-Davis, Adam, Chain Reactions, 2000, p. 70
- Jordanova, Ludmilla, Defining Features: Scientific and Medical Portraits 1660-2000, 2000 (accompanying the exhibition at the National Portrait Gallery from 14 April to 17 September 2000), p. 109
Events of 1842back to top
Current affairsEdwin Chadwick publishes his damning report, Sanitary Conditions of the Labouring Poor, which details the shocking living conditions of the urban poor and prompts government to take a new interest in public health issues.
A year-long depression and the rejection of the Chartist petition leads to riots, with workers striking in the Midlands, Lancashire, Yorkshire, and parts of Scotland.
Art and scienceMudie's Lending Library opens, becoming one of the largest circulating libraries in the period. Made popular by the otherwise high cost of books, it exerts a great influence over literature; both by maintaining the more costly 'three decker' novel structure, and acting as moral censor.
Richard Owen, the English biologist, comparative anatomist and palaeontologist, coins the term 'dinosaur', combining the Greek words for 'formidable' and 'reptile'.
InternationalTreaty of Nanjing, which allows China to trade with Britain and lends Hong Kong to the British crown for 150 years. In Afghanistan, the Anglo-Afghan war ends as the British abandon Kabul, withdrawing to India and losing most of their garrison force in the operation with only one member, Dr William Brydon, surviving.
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