by W. & D. Downey
albumen carte-de-visite, 1863
3 5/8 in. x 2 1/4 in. (92 mm x 58 mm) image size
Sitterback to top
- John Cumming (1807-1881), Minister of the Presbyterian Church of England. Sitter in 10 portraits.
Artistback to top
- W. & D. Downey (active 1855-1940), Photographers. Artist associated with 936 portraits.
Placesback to top
- Place made: United Kingdom: England, Tyne and Wear (photographers' studio, 9 Eldon Square, Newcastle on Tyne)
Events of 1863back to top
Current affairsThe opening of the world's first underground railway, with the Metropolitan Railway running trains between Bishop's Street, Padington and Farringdon. Work had begun in 1860, using the 'cut-and-cover' method of construction. The Metropolitan line inspired the construction of other underground railways - the Parisian 'Metro' took its name from the line.
The Football Association is founded.
Art and scienceJulia Margaret Cameron takes up photography, taking portraits of some of the most celebrated figures of the day, with her romantic style capturing the sense of nostalgia and longing that characterised the age.
Kingsley's Water Babies; A Fairy Tale for Children is published, the hugely popular tale of drowned chimney sweep Tom's moral education in the river world of the water babies. It inspired the 1978 film starring James Mason.
InternationalAt an international conference, the Geneva Public Welfare Society calls on the sixteen nations present to form voluntary units to help the wartime wounded. The society, comprised of five Swiss citizens and led by Henri Dunant, who had been deeply affected by the casualties he had witnessed at the Battle of Solferino, became the National Red Cross Societies, adopting the emblem of a red cross on white background.
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