23 of 35 portraits of Charles Darwin
by Elliott & Fry
albumen cabinet card, 29 November 1881
5 7/8 in. x 4 1/8 in. (148 mm x 105 mm) image size
Given by Christopher Geoffrey Woolner, 1975
Sitterback to top
- Charles Robert Darwin (1809-1882), Naturalist, geologist and originator of the theory of evolution. Sitter in 35 portraits.
Artistback to top
- Elliott & Fry (active 1863-1962), Photographers. Artist associated with 10995 portraits.
This portraitback to top
Darwin sat for this portrait, taken the year before he died, on the veranda of his house in Downe. In his later years he spent much time in his garden conducting research into plant life and earthworms. By this point in his life his status as an eminent scientist was generally acknowledged and it was in this year that he dined by special invitation with the Prince of Wales at the start of the 7th International Medical Congress.
Placesback to top
- Place made and portrayed: United Kingdom: England, Berkshire (sitter's verandah, Down House, Downe, London)
Linked displays and exhibitionsback to top
- Charles Darwin and the Origin of Species (19 January 2009 - 30 June 2009)
Events of 1881back to top
Current affairsBenjamin Disraeli dies of bronchitis. He refuses a state funeral and is buried next to his wife, Mary Ann Viscountess Beaconsfield.
Gladstone's Irish Land Act is passed in a bid to stop violence carried out by the republican Land League, conducted in protest at the 1870 Land Act.
Henry Mayers Hyndman forms the Marxist Democratic Federation.
Art and scienceThe Natural History Museum is opened on Exhibition Road, South Kensington. The museum, a landmark gothic design by the architect Alfred Waterhouse, was built to house specimens from the natural sciences, previously in the British Museum's collection. Today, the museum comprises of over 70 million items, and is a world-renowned research centre.
InternationalAlexander II is assassinated in a bomb attack by members of a left-wing revolutionary movement. He was succeeded by his son, Tsar Alexander III.
US President James Garfield is shot by Charles Guiteau.
The first Anglo-Boer war ends. The war is started by a Boer uprising, as the British had annexed the Transvaal in 1877. Following Britain's defeat at the Battle of Majuba Hill, a truce is signed giving the Boers self-government and later independence.