Charles William Bigge
10 of 12 portraits by James Anthony Molteno
Charles William Bigge
by William Ward, published by James Anthony Molteno, after Colvin Smith
mezzotint, published 12 August 1836
14 5/8 in. x 10 3/4 in. (373 mm x 273 mm) plate size; 20 3/8 in. x 14 in. (518 mm x 355 mm) paper size
Purchased with help from the Friends of the National Libraries and the Pilgrim Trust, 1966
Artistsback to top
- James Anthony Molteno (active 1817-1846), Publisher. Artist or producer associated with 12 portraits.
- Colvin Smith (1796-1875), Portrait painter. Artist or producer associated with 15 portraits.
- William Ward (1766-1826), Engraver; father of William James Ward. Artist or producer associated with 167 portraits.
Events of 1836back to top
Current affairsWilliam Lovett founds the Working Men's Association, the precursor to Chartism, with the aim to achieving equal social and political rights between men of all classes.
A reduction in stamp duty from 4d to 1d helps to keep unstamped newspapers off the street, and leads to wider circulation of legal newspapers.
The first railway line is built in London, connecting to Greenwich and operated by the London Greenwich Railway (LGR).
Art and scienceThe American poet and writer Ralph Waldo Emerson outlines his theory of transcendentalism in Nature, in which he argues for individualism above traditional authority, stressing the infinitude of the private self and the possibility of achieving an original relation to the universe.
The German philosopher Arthur Schopenhauer publishes On the Will in Nature, a precursor to his famous The World as Will and Representation.
InternationalTexas declares its independence from Mexico following a series of battles, including those at the Alamo and Goliad. Sam Houston is the first president of Texas, serving both in 1836-38 and 1841-44.
The city of Adelaide is founded in Australia, at the mouth of the Torrens river, named in honour of Queen Adelaide, consort of William IV.
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