King Henry VIII
King Henry VIII
by Peter Isselburg (Yselburg, Eisselburg), after Cornelis Metsys (Massys)
line engraving, 1646
8 3/8 in. x 5 7/8 in. (213 mm x 150 mm) plate size; 10 in. x 7 in. (255 mm x 178 mm) paper size
Given by the daughter of compiler William Fleming MD, Mary Elizabeth Stopford (née Fleming), 1931
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Current affairsFirst civil war ends. Under Thomas Fairfax, Commander-in-Chief, Parliamentarians defeat Royalist armies in the last major conflicts of the war, the Battles of Torrington and Stow-on-the-Wold. The subsequent fall of Royalist Oxford forces Charles I to flee and he surrenders himself to the Scots at Newark.
Art and sciencePortrait painter, William Dobson, returns to London after the defeat of the king and is briefly imprisoned for debt. He dies in poverty aged thirty-five.
InternationalInstructed by Charles I, James Butler, Marquess of Ormonde resumes negotiations with the Irish Confederates attempting to raise troops for the royalist cause. The resulting First Ormonde Peace, though publicly proclaimed, is eventually rejected by the Confederates on account of papal ambassador, Archbishop Rinuccini's considerable influence.
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