after Marcus Gheeraerts the Younger etching, (1627) 2 1/2 in. x 1 3/4 in. (65 mm x 45 mm) paper size Given by the daughter of compiler William Fleming MD, Mary Elizabeth Stopford (née Fleming), 1931 Reference Collection NPG D25565
The Five Knights Case. Judge, Sir John Bramston represents two of the 'knights', Sir Thomas Darnell and Sir John Havingham who refused to pay the forced loan imposed by Charles I. Bramston's application for a writ of habeas corpus was unsuccessful and the defendants remained imprisoned without trial.
Art and science
The tragicomedy, The Great Duke of Florence by playwright Philip Massinger, is licensed by Sir Henry Herbert, Master of the Revels, to be performed by the queen's company at the Cockpit Theatre. The play is considered one of Massinger's best dramas.
Charles I sends forces commanded by George Villiers, Duke of Buckingham, to assist starving Huguenots rebels of La Rochelle, besieged by French king, Louis XIII's army. Villiers attempts to capture the French Atlantic fort of Île de Rhé, near Rochelle, but is forced to evacuate the island after three months.