King Charles I; Henrietta Maria

© National Portrait Gallery, London

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King Charles I; Henrietta Maria

by Robert van Voerst, after Sir Anthony van Dyck
line engraving, 1634
16 3/8 in. x 22 in. (415 mm x 558 mm) paper size
Given by Constance Richardson, 1963
Reference Collection
NPG D32047

Sittersback to top

  • King Charles I (1600-1649), Reigned 1625-49. Sitter associated with 335 portraits.
  • Henrietta Maria (1609-1669), Queen of Charles I. Sitter associated with 88 portraits.

Artistsback to top

  • Sir Anthony van Dyck (1599-1641), Painter. Artist or producer associated with 1023 portraits, Sitter associated with 30 portraits.
  • Robert van Voerst (1597-1635 or 1636), Engraver. Artist or producer associated with 31 portraits, Sitter in 1 portrait.

Related worksback to top

  • NPG D32048: King Charles I; Henrietta Maria (from same plate)

Events of 1634back to top

Current affairs

Four men-of-war ships are launched, the result of Charles I's desire for naval expansion. In an attempt to keep up with the increasing cost of maritime security, Attorney-General William Noye, suggests a revival of ship money, and writs are issued, initially, to ports only.

Art and science

The kings performs in Coelum Brittanicum, a masque by poet Thomas Carew, with designs by Inigo Jones. The play, which fundamentally celebrates monarchical power, is widely considered to be the best of its era.
Apothecary, Thomas Johnson publishes, Mercurius Botanicus, which includes a catalogue of indigenous British plants.


Albrecht Wallenstein, Duke of Friedland, supreme commander of the armies of the Habsburg Monarchy during the Thirty Years' War, is convicted of high treason and subsequently assassinated by senior officers in his force, including Scottish Colonel Walter Leslie, who may have been assigned directly by Emperor Ferdinand II.

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