Henrietta Maria

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Henrietta Maria

by Joseph Antoine Couchet, published by Gillis Hendricx, after Sir Anthony van Dyck
line engraving, 1640-1655
11 3/8 in. x 8 7/8 in. (290 mm x 224 mm) paper size
Given by the daughter of compiler William Fleming MD, Mary Elizabeth Stopford (née Fleming), 1931
Reference Collection
NPG D26415

Sitterback to top

  • Henrietta Maria (1609-1669), Queen of Charles I. Sitter associated with 88 portraits.

Artistsback to top

  • Joseph Antoine Couchet (1630-1678), Engraver. Artist or producer associated with 2 portraits.
  • Gillis Hendricx (active 1640-died 1677), Print publisher. Artist or producer associated with 13 portraits.
  • Sir Anthony van Dyck (1599-1641), Painter. Artist or producer associated with 1023 portraits, Sitter associated with 30 portraits.

Related worksback to top

Placesback to top

Events of 1640back to top

Current affairs

Second Bishops' War. James Graham, Marquess of Montrose, leading the Scottish armies, occupies northeast of England. Defeat at the Battle of Newburn forces impoverished Charles to sign Treaty of Ripon.
Long Parliament. Habeas Corpus Act is passed, abolishing the Star Chamber. Impeachment of Royalists, Earl of Strafford and Archbishop Laud.

Art and science

Author, James Howell, writes Dodona's Grove, a historical allegory of events since 1603. A renowned royalist, Howell's anti-parliamentary remarks in the book would later attract accusations from parliamentarians.
The last Caroline masque before the outbreak of civil war, Salmacida Spolia by Sir William Davenant, is performed at Whitehall Palace.

International

Frederick William becomes Elector of Brandenburg and Duke of Prussia. The Elector's policy of religious tolerance benefited his state during the religious struggles dominating the Thirty Years' War.
The Bay Psalm Book is published, the first book to be printed in British North America.

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