© National Portrait Gallery, London
by Walker & Boutall, after Frederick Hollyer, published by Longmans, Green & Co
photogravure, published 1899 (1874)
5 1/8 in. x 3 3/4 in. (131 mm x 94 mm) image size
- William Morris (1834-1896), Poet, craftsman and socialist. Sitter in 68 portraits.
- Frederick Hollyer (1838-1933), Photographer and art publisher. Artist associated with 108 portraits, Sitter associated with 6 portraits.
- Longmans, Green & Co (active 1889-1926). Artist associated with 2 portraits.
- Walker & Boutall. Artist associated with 321 portraits.
Disraeli becomes Prime Minister for the second time, winning the general election and giving the Conservative party its first absolute majority since the 1840s.
Professional opportunities for women develop, with the opening of the London School of Economics to women, the foundation of the London School of Medicine for Women and the Women's Protective and Provident League.
Art and science
The Anonymous Society of Painters, Sculptors, Printmakers, etc., including Claude Monet, Edgar Degas, and Camille Pissarro organise an exhibition in Paris. Art critic Louis Leroy gives the group its name, criticising Monet's Impression, Sunrise
for being merely an unfinished 'impression'. Impressionism becomes recognisable for techniques such as short, broken brushstrokes barely conveying forms, pure unblended colours, and an emphasis on the effects of light.
Britain annexes the Gold Coast, the region on the Gulf of Guinea in West Africa, now the independent nation of Ghana, following the second Ashanti war. The Treaty of Fomena secured massive financial reparations for the British, and strengthened their hold on the prosperous resources and trade routes in the regions. However, weakening the Ashanti tribe greatly destabilised the area.