© Julia Hedgecoe / National Portrait Gallery, London
Bertha (née Swirles), Lady Jeffreys
by Julia Hedgecoe
bromide print, 19 March 1998
15 3/8 in. x 11 1/2 in. (391 mm x 292 mm)
The Human Rights Act is passed giving further effect in UK Law to the rights contained in the European Convention on Human Rights. The Act, which came into effect in 2000, gave individuals the opportunity to argue in a British court that their human rights had been breached. As a last resort individuals are still able to take their case to the European Court of Human Rights in Strasbourg.
Art and science
Anthony Gormley's monumental sculpture Angel of the North
is erected just outside Gateshead. The sculpture is 20 metres tall and has a wingspan of 54 metres. Despite initial local and press controversy, the work is now considered a landmark of the North of England and cannot be missed from the A1 road or East Coast Mainline railway (the main routes from London to Scotland).
The British and Irish governments sign the Belfast (Good Friday) Agreement, which is subsequently endorsed by voters in the Republic of Ireland and Northern Ireland at referendums. The Agreement established a new Northern Ireland Assembly, which formed a parliament made up of representatives from different parties. The Assembly has since been suspended and attempts continue for its re-establishment.