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James Nayler

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James Nayler

by R. Grave, published by James Caulfield
line engraving, published 1823
7 7/8 in. x 5 3/8 in. (200 mm x 137 mm) paper size
Given by the daughter of compiler William Fleming MD, Mary Elizabeth Stopford (née Fleming), 1931
Reference Collection
NPG D29210

Sitterback to top

  • James Nayler (1618-1660), Quaker preacher and writer. Sitter associated with 11 portraits.

Artistsback to top

  • James Caulfield (1764-1826), Writer and publisher. Artist associated with 47 portraits.
  • R. Grave. Artist associated with 24 portraits.

Events of 1823back to top

Current affairs

Gaols Act is passed to build new prisons, raise standards in old ones and institute regular inspections. It is prompted by the vigorous campaigning of reformers such as Elizabeth Fry, leader of the Ladies Association for the Improvement of Female Prisoners in Newgate Prison.
Anti-Slavery Committee is founded in London.

Art and science

Architect, Robert Smirke begins construction of the British Museum.
Thomas Wakley founds The Lancet, the first weekly medical journal and important mouthpiece of medical reform.
Charles Babbage begins work on the first calculating machine.
Charles Macintosh invents waterproof fabric.


Catholic Association is founded by Daniel O'Connell in Ireland in an attempt to mobilise and politicise the entire Irish Catholic population in a systematic challenge to the ruling Protestant ascendancy.
War breaks out between France and Spain.
English missionary John Smith died in prison having been sentenced to be hanged for failing to take up arms against slaves in Demerara.

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Dr. Maria Unkovskaya

08 December 2015, 12:23

In a book, James Nayler: the Rebel Saint, 1618-1660, by Emilia Fogelklou, l., 1931 a portrait very similar, yet not identical to yours, is placed as a frontispiece. It is claimed to be 'From the mezzotint by T. Preston. On the page between 260 & 261 there is another portrait of James Nayler. This is of an entirely different man, vaguely remeniscent of busts of Socraties. The same portrait is used as the frontsepiece in a book 'A Quaker from Cromwell's Army: James Nayler, by Mabel Richmond Brailsford, L.,1927. On this occasion it is stated that this portrait was taken from the title page of Klachte Der Quaker Over haren Niewen Martelaer...1657. An anonymous pamphlet in the Biblioteca Thysiana. Does anyone know anything about these two portraits? Both are to be found on the internet. Thank you very much, Dr. Maria Unkovskaya, Oxford.

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