Louise de Kéroualle, Duchess of Portsmouth

© National Portrait Gallery, London

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Louise de Kéroualle, Duchess of Portsmouth

by Isaac Beckett, after Sir Godfrey Kneller, Bt, published by Edward Cooper
mezzotint, circa 1681-1688
16 3/4 in. x 10 in. (426 mm x 253 mm) plate size
Given by the daughter of compiler William Fleming MD, Mary Elizabeth Stopford (née Fleming), 1931
Reference Collection
NPG D30507

Sitterback to top

Artistsback to top

  • Isaac Beckett (1652 or 1653-1688), Engraver. Artist or producer associated with 184 portraits.
  • Edward Cooper (died 1725), Printseller. Artist or producer associated with 169 portraits, Sitter in 3 portraits.
  • Sir Godfrey Kneller, Bt (1646-1723), Portrait painter. Artist or producer associated with 1689 portraits, Sitter associated with 30 portraits.

Events of 1681back to top

Current affairs

Third Exclusion Parliament meets in Oxford avoiding disruption in Whig-dominated London. Charles II refuses Exclusionists's proposal that James Scott, Duke of Monmouth, his illegitimate son with Lucy Walter, should succeed to the throne, replacing James, Duke of York.
Prominent Exclusionist, Anthony Ashley-Cooper, is arrested on suspicion of high treason.

Art and science

Natural philosopher, Samuel Morland is appointed 'Master of Mechanicks' to the king having transformed Windsor Castle's water system.
Architect, Christopher Wren, is commissioned to design the Royal Hospital, Chelsea.
Poet laureate, John Dryden, writes political satire Absalom and Achitophel, focusing upon the trial of Anthony Ashley-Cooper.

International

King of France, Louis XIV, concerned by England's instability over the exclusion crisis, offers Charles II a subsidy, bolstering the king in his dealings with Parliament. In return, England agrees to withdraw from entering an anti-French alliance with Spain; Laurence Hyde, Lord of the Treasury, signs the accord with France.

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