5 of 62 portraits by Thomas Gibson
by John Simon, after Thomas Gibson
mezzotint, early 18th century
13 1/2 in. x 9 3/4 in. (342 mm x 249 mm) plate size; 14 in. x 10 5/8 in. (355 mm x 269 mm) paper size
Purchased with help from the Friends of the National Libraries and the Pilgrim Trust, 1966
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Current affairsThe sudden death of Prince William, son of Princess Anne and George, Prince of Denmark, triggers a succession crisis. His birth had secured the succession of the crown to a Protestant, safeguarding the throne from any future claim by James II's Catholic son, James Francis.
Art and scienceDramatist, William Congreve's comedy The Way of the World premieres at Lincoln's Inn Theatre, receiving a mixed reception. It would achieve greater literary acclaim in modern times.
Poet, John Dryden, dies and is buried in Geoffrey Chaucer's grave in Westminster Abbey.
InternationalDiplomat and poet, Matthew Prior, secretly negotiates with Louis XIV, king of France, a second partition treaty concerning the Spanish Empire. However, following the death of Spanish ruler, Carlos II, the agreement collapses since neither Spanish or Austrian governments accept the treaty's proposals.
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