Charles Samuel Keene

© National Portrait Gallery, London

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Charles Samuel Keene

by Horace Harral
platinum print, 1860s
9 1/2 in. x 7 1/2 in. (241 mm x 192 mm)
Given by John A. Hipkins, 1927
Primary Collection
NPG P861

Sitterback to top

  • Charles Samuel Keene (1823-1891), Illustrator and etcher. Sitter in 11 portraits, Artist or producer of 3 portraits.

Artistback to top

  • Horace Harral (1817-1905), Wood-engraver, photographer and etcher. Artist or producer associated with 7 portraits.

Linked publicationsback to top

  • Rogers, Malcolm, Camera Portraits, 1989 (accompanying the exhibition at the National Portrait Gallery from 20 October 1989 - 21 January 1990), p. 71 Read entry

    The humorous artist and illustrator Keene, whose name is forever associated with Punch and The Illustrated London News, and whose spirited draughtsmanship brought added vividness to the works of Meredith and Thackeray, was by all accounts a shy and uncommunicative man. This rare photograph was taken by a friend and associate, the wood-engraver and etcher Harral, who like Keene worked for The Illustrated London News, and on a number of occasions produced etchings or engravings after Keene's drawings. It shows Keene holding 'the thick-stemmed, small-bowled "Fairy" pipe which was his special weakness'.

    The Gallery owns a small group of Harral's photographs of his friends and associates, which are distinguished by their technical assurance and faintly theatrical air. This platinum print must have been made some years after the original sitting, for the process was first used in 1873. As a wood-engraver, Harral made the engraving of Robert Howlett's photograph of I. K. Brunel for the issue of The Illustrated Times devoted to the launch of the Leviathan, published on 16 January 1858.

  • Saywell, David; Simon, Jacob, Complete Illustrated Catalogue, 2004, p. 347

Linked displays and exhibitionsback to top

Events of 1860back to top

Current affairs

An early feminist movement, The Society for Promoting the Employment of Women is founded by Adelaide Anne Proctor, Emily Faithfull, Helen Blackburn, Bessie Parks, Emily Davies, Barbara Bodichon, and Jessie Boucherett.
The Florence Nightingale Training School for Nurses opens at St Thomas's Hospital, in London, funded from the testimonial fund collected for Nightingale following her war services, and helping to establish nursing as a profession.

Art and science

William Morris and new wife Jane Burden move into the Red House, near Bexleyheath, Kent. The house, designed by Philip Webb, represents Morris's principle in interior design, that no object should be in a house that is not beautiful.
Ford Madox Brown paints The Last of England, showing a boat of emigrants leaving England under desperate circumstances, inspired by the emigration of the Pre-Raphaelite Thomas Woolner to Australia in 1852.


Italian unification continues as the Treaty of Turin brings much of Northern Italy under nationalist leader Cavour's control, who cedes Savoy and Nice to France. Garibaldi siezes the opportunity to invade Marsala in Sicily with his army of 1,000 redshirts, proclaiming himself dictator in the name of Victor Emmanuel II.
Republican Abraham Lincoln becomes President of the US, with only 39% of the popular vote.

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