The Sovereigns of England, part 1
12 of 20 portraits of King William II ('Rufus')
© National Portrait Gallery, London
The Sovereigns of England, part 1
by John Carwitham, printed and published by Richard Caldwell, after Unknown artist
mezzotint, circa 1723-1741
14 in. x 10 in. (357 mm x 255 mm) plate size; 15 3/4 in. x 10 1/2 in. (400 mm x 268 mm) paper size
acquired unknown source, 1959
Artistsback to top
Sittersback to top
- King Edward I (1239-1307), Reigned 1272-1307. Sitter associated with 25 portraits. Identify
- King Edward II (1284-1327), Reigned 1307-27. Sitter associated with 26 portraits. Identify
- King Edward III (1312-1377), Reigned 1327-77. Sitter associated with 30 portraits. Identify
- King Edward IV (1442-1483), Reigned 1461-70 and 1471-83. Sitter associated with 37 portraits. Identify
- King Henry I (1068 or 1069-1135), Reigned 1100-35. Sitter associated with 19 portraits. Identify
- King Henry II (1133-1189), Reigned 1154-89. Sitter associated with 22 portraits. Identify
- King Henry III (1207-1272), Reigned 1216-72. Sitter associated with 34 portraits. Identify
- King Henry IV (1367-1413), Reigned 1399-1413. Sitter associated with 30 portraits. Identify
- King Henry V (1387-1422), Reigned 1413-22. Sitter associated with 32 portraits. Identify
- King Henry VI (1421-1471), Reigned 1422-61 and 1470-71. Sitter associated with 39 portraits. Identify
- King John (1167-1216), Reigned 1199-1216. Sitter associated with 30 portraits. Identify
- King Richard I ('the Lionheart') (1157-1199), Reigned 1189-99. Sitter associated with 24 portraits. Identify
- King Richard II (1367-1400), Reigned 1377-99. Sitter associated with 34 portraits. Identify
- King Stephen (circa 1092-1154), Reigned 1135-54. Sitter associated with 22 portraits. Identify
- King William I ('The Conqueror') (1027 or 1028-1087), Reigned 1066-87. Sitter associated with 23 portraits. Identify
- King William II ('Rufus') (circa 1056-1100), Reigned 1087-1100. Sitter associated with 20 portraits. Identify
Placesback to top
- Place made: United Kingdom: England, London (against Warwick Lane in Newgate Street, London)
Subjects & Themesback to top
Events of 1723back to top
Current affairsExiled Jacobite leader Henry St John, 1st Viscount Bolingbroke is pardoned and allowed to return to London from Paris.
Workhouse Test Act under which poor relief claimants have to enter a workhouse.
Black Act makes poaching a capital offence.
Art and scienceArchitect Christopher Wren dies.
Artist Joshua Reynolds is born in Plympton, Devon.
Portrait-painter Godfrey Kneller dies.
Philosopher Bernard de Mandeville republishes his celebrated Fable of the Bees with new essays on charity and the nature of society. They are vigorously combated and made the subject of prosecution in 1729.
InternationalHoly Roman Emperor, Charles VI, agrees that Hungary shall be ruled as a separate kingdom within his empire.
Treaty of Charlottenburg signed between Britain and Prussia, which arranges for George I's grandson to marry a Prussian princess and Prince Frederick of Prussia to marry the Prince of Wales' daughter. It is never enacted.
Tudor and Elizabethan matching pairs
Test your memory by playing our matching pairs game. Three levels of difficulty make it fun for the whole family.
Regency familiar faces
Rearrange tiles to uncover sitters from the Gallery's Collection by playing our puzzle game.
Who do you think you were?
Answer a few lifestyle questions about the Elizabethan period and discover your inner Elizabethan!
- Picturing History: A portrait set of early English kings and queens
- Kings and Queens: A Family tree
- Making History: Printed Portraiture in Tudor and Stuart Britain
- Bronze sculpture founders: a short history
- Searching for Shakespeare
- Silhouettes display, 2004-05
- Return to Life: A New Look at the Portrait Bust
- 2019 Anniversaries
- William Hazlitt's Spirit of the Age
- Mary, Queen of Scots: Fact and Fiction
- Restoration Lives: Samuel Pepys and His Circle
- Brilliant Women
- Chartist Portraits
- Mary, Queen of Scots
- Nelson: before and after Trafalgar
- Bank of America Merrill Lynch, Art Conservation Project
- Rebel women
- Theodore de Mayerne
- Tudor and Elizabethan matching pairs
- Popular Prints of Victoria and Albert
- Gunpowder, Treason and Plot
- Icons and Identities: Shakespeare to Winehouse
Until 17 July
Tell us more
Framed & unframed prints
Choose your favourite portrait from our Collection as a framed or unframed print for your home.