Sir Richard England
Sir Richard England
by Roger Fenton
salt print, 1855 (1856)
7 1/4in. x 6 5/8in. (184 mm x 154 mm)
Artistback to top
- Roger Fenton (1819-1869), Photographer. Artist associated with 42 portraits, Sitter in 1 portrait.
This portraitback to top
This is one of a series Roger Fenton made of participants of the Crimean War, during which an alliance of British, French, Ottoman and Sardinian forces combatted Russian expansion in the Black Sea region. General Sir Richard England was an unlikely subject, since during an earlier campaign in Afghanistan he was accused of taking too many casualties, and temporarily removed from duty. However, he became one of the last generals to leave the Crimean campaign, refusing to return until forced to do so under doctor’s orders, around the time this picture was taken. Given the slow materials of the day, photographers had to harness as much available light as possible to make their pictures. Here, Fenton has placed England in front of a white tent, which served as a makeshift light reflector.
Linked displays and exhibitionsback to top
- Photography: A Public Art, 1840-1939 (4 November 2017 - 14 October 2018)
Events of 1855back to top
Current affairsPalmerston becomes Prime Minister, leading a coalition government after Lord Aberdeen loses a vote of confidence over his handling of the Crimean war. Known by the nickname 'Lord Pumicestone' for his abrasive style, Palmerston is the oldest prime minister in history to take up the post for the first time at the age of 71.
Stamp duty on newspapers is abolished, creating the mass media market in the UK as newspapers became more widely and cheaply available.
Art and scienceFollowing a trip through the Holy Land to the Dead Sea, William Holman Hunt begins his symbolically-laden painting The Scapegoat.
John Millais marries Effie Gray, previously John Ruskin's wife, after their marriage was annulled that year.
The social theorist and sociologist Herbert Spencer and philosopher G. H. Lewes, publishes Principles of Pyschology, exploring a physiological basis to psychology.