John Gellibrand Hubbard, 1st Baron Addington

© National Portrait Gallery, London

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John Gellibrand Hubbard, 1st Baron Addington

by William Walker & Sons
albumen carte-de-visite, 1862-1866
3 1/2 in. x 2 1/4 in. (88 mm x 56 mm) image size
Purchased, 1978
Photographs Collection
NPG Ax8663

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  • William Walker & Sons (active 1862-1866), Photographers. Artist or producer associated with 137 portraits.

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Events of 1862back to top

Current affairs

The Lancashire cotton famine, a depression in the north-west textile industry brought about by the American civil war, reaches its climax. With large numbers of mills closing after Confederate blockades halted cotton supplies, many Lancashire families were in receipt of relief.

Art and science

Louis Pasteur and Claude Bernard carry out the first pasteurisation tests, the process of heating liquids at 55 degree Celsius or higher for short periods of time, destroying viruses and harmful organisms such as bacteria and yeast. .
Victor Hugo's novel Les Miserables is published, covering the Napoleonic wars. It traces the ex-convict Jean Valjean's character against wider questions of social and political justice, duty and love.

International

Otto Eduard Leopold Bismarck becomes Minister-President of Prussia, appointed by Wilhelm I after the liberal Diet refused to authorise funding for a proposed reorganisation of the army. Bismarck, intent on maintaining royal supremacy, engineers the Unification of Germany during his time in office.
John Hanning Speke claims to have found the source of the Nile, proving that the Victoria Nile issued from the north end of lake Victoria, over Ripon Falls.

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