Bothwell Meeting the Queen (James Hepburn, 4th Earl of Bothwell; Mary, Queen of Scots)

© National Portrait Gallery, London

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Bothwell Meeting the Queen (James Hepburn, 4th Earl of Bothwell; Mary, Queen of Scots)

by Robert Hartley Cromek, after Thomas Stothard
engraving and etching, published 1798
6 in. x 3 3/4 in. (152 mm x 96 mm) plate size; 8 7/8 in. x 5 3/4 in. (225 mm x 145 mm) paper size
Given by Marion Harry Spielmann, 1893
Reference Collection
NPG D10550

Sittersback to top

Artistsback to top

  • Robert Hartley Cromek (1771-1812). Artist or producer associated with 11 portraits.
  • Thomas Stothard (1755-1834), Painter and illustrator. Artist or producer associated with 34 portraits, Sitter in 14 portraits.

This portraitback to top

This engraving was made for an edition of William Robertson's influential History of Scotland during the Reigns of Mary and James VI, which provided inspiration for a number of history painters in the late eighteenth and early nineteenth centuries. The book was criticised for its lack of impartiality and the favourable light in which it cast Mary, but the drama with which Robertson recounted various episodes in her life, particularly in Scotland,

Linked displays and exhibitionsback to top

Events of 1798back to top

Current affairs

To meet war costs, William Pitt introduces a Finance Bill which levies income tax for the first time.

Art and science

William Wordsworth and Samuel Taylor Coleridge publish Lyrical Ballads; a key publication for the romantic movement in poetry. Coleridge's The Rime of the Ancient Mariner opens the volume.
Publisher and printseller Rudolph Ackermann establishes his popular 'Repository of the Arts' shop, gallery, library and social centre on the Strand.


Uprising of the United Irishmen: a republican rebellion which attempted to achieve Ireland's total independence by force with the aid of a French invasion. It was only narrowly defeated.
Battle of the Nile. Napoleon's visionary Egyptian campaign offers British first major victory as Nelson destroys the French fleet.

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