by Unknown photographer, copied by Walter Stoneman
half-plate glass copy negative, circa 1900
Sitterback to top
- Sir Winston Leonard Spencer Churchill (1874-1965), Prime Minister. Sitter in 222 portraits.
Artistsback to top
Events of 1900back to top
Current affairsThe Conservatives return to power, after the Prime Minister Lord Salisbury calls a general election, known as the 'Khaki election', on the back of huge jingoistic support for the Boer War.
The Labour Representation Committee (LRC) is founded from a coalition of socialist groups; they win two seats in the 1900 election and Ramsay Macdonald is appointed secretary. The Labour politician Keir Hardie is also returned to Parliament for Merthyr Tydfilin Wales.
Art and scienceGerman physicist Max Planck proposes the concept of the quantum theory. Sigmund Freud's The Interpretation of Dreams is published. In the text, Freud outlines his theory of dream analysis, crucial to the study of the unconscious, and introduces key concepts in psychoanalysis, such as the Ego.
The Paris International Exhibition, attended by more than 50 million people and including over 76,000 exhibitors, marks the heyday of Art Nouveau.
InternationalIn China the Boxer rebellion takes place. The Boxers were anti-imperialist and against foreign influence in trade, religion, politics and technology in the final years of the Manchu rule. The Boxers invade Beijing, killing 230 foreigners and Chinese Christians. The rebellion is suppressed by a multinational coalition of 20,000 troops, with China being forced to pay large war reparations, contributing to growing nationalist resentment against the Qing dynasty.
Recommended Exhibitions & displays
- Everyday Icons: Collecting Popular Portraits
Until 1 March
- Yousuf Karsh
- Juliet Pannett: Chronicler of her Times
- Sir Winston Churchill
- 2019 Anniversaries
- NPG D48652 in 360°
- 2020 Anniversaries
- Mad, Bad and Dangerous: The Cult of Lord Byron
- George Augustus Sala
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- Lives and Letters
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- Portraits of John Nash
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- Before Windrush: Images of Black and Asian Figures
- The Beautiful and the Damned
- Centenaries and Centenarians
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- Photographic holdings - print and negative collections
- National Photographic Record
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- Women Poets and Photography, 1860–1970