by Sarah Angelina Acland
matte collodion printing-out paper cabinet card, 1895
5 7/8 in. x 3 7/8 in. (148 mm x 99 mm) image size
Given by Corporation of Church House, 1949
Sitterback to top
- William Stubbs (1825-1901), Historian; Bishop of Chester and Oxford; Trustee of the National Portrait Gallery. Sitter in 5 portraits.
Artistback to top
- Sarah Angelina Acland (1849-1930), Photographer; daughter of Sir Henry Wentworth Acland, 1st Bt. Artist associated with 4 portraits, Sitter in 1 portrait.
Events of 1895back to top
Current affairsOscar Wilde's The Importance of Being Earnest is first performed, the same year that he is imprisoned for homosexual offences following accusations made against him by the eighth Marquess of Queensbury. Whilst in prison, Wilde wrote De Profundis, a letter addressed to his former lover, Queensbury's son Lord Alfred Douglas, attacking him for his role in Wilde's imprisonment.
Prime Minister Lord Rosebery resigns and is succeeded by Salisbury.
Art and scienceThe Lumiere brothers hold the first public screening of movies at Paris's Salon Indien du Grand Café, featuring ten short films recorded with Leon Bouly's cinematographe device, recognised as the birth of cinema as a commercial medium.
Henry Irving, the celebrated actor and theatre manager, becomes the first actor to receive a knighthood.
InternationalIn South Africa, prompted by the growing unrest of unfranchised British immigrants (Uitlanders) drawn to the Transvaal by the discovery of gold, Rhodes and other members of the South African mining community begin to plot the republic's overthrow. As a result, the disastrous Jameson Raid takes place, carried out on Paul Kruger's Transvaal Republic by Leander Starr Jameson and his Rhodesian and Bechuanaland policemen: it fails to bring about an Uitlander uprising.
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