The United Irish Patriots of 1798
The United Irish Patriots of 1798
after Unknown artist
coloured lithograph, 1798 or after
21 1/4 in. x 27 3/8 in. (541 mm x 695 mm) paper size
Sittersback to top
- William Corbet (1779-1842), Irish rebel and French general. Sitter in 1 portrait.
- Michael Dwyer (1771-1826), Irish insurgent. Sitter in 1 portrait.
- Robert Emmet (1778-1803), Irish nationalist. Sitter in 2 portraits.
- Thomas Addis Emmet (1764-1827), United Irishman. Sitter in 1 portrait.
- Lord Edward Fitzgerald (1763-1798), Irish patriot. Sitter in 3 portraits.
- James Hope (1764-1846?), United Irishman. Sitter in 1 portrait.
- William Jackson (1737?-1795), Irish revolutionary. Sitter in 1 portrait.
- Henry Joy MacCracken (1767-1798), United Irishman. Sitter in 1 portrait.
- William James Macneven (Macnevin) (1763-1841), United Irishman. Sitter in 1 portrait.
- Samuel Neilson (1761-1803), United Irishman. Sitter in 1 portrait.
- Arthur O'Connor (1763-1852), Irish rebel. Sitter in 7 portraits.
- Archibald Hamilton Rowan (1751-1834), Irish nationalist. Sitter in 4 portraits.
- Thomas Russell (1767-1803), United Irishman. Sitter in 1 portrait.
- Henry Sheares (1753-1798), United Irishman. Sitter in 2 portraits.
- John Sheares (1766-1798), United Irishman. Sitter in 2 portraits.
- James Napper Tandy (1740-1803), United Irishman. Sitter in 4 portraits.
- Matthew Teeling (died 1798), United Irish patriot. Sitter in 1 portrait.
- Theobald Wolfe Tone (1763-1798), United Irishman. Sitter in 2 portraits.
This portraitback to top
The Society of United Irishmen was founded in Belfast in 1791. Its aim was to unite Irishmen, regardless of religion, in pursuit of political reform. It was initially an open and constitutional society but in the backlash against Radicalism that followed the French Revolution, it was formally suppressed in 1794. This provoked a more militant republicanism which began to ally itself with growing rural unrest. A rebellion erupted in the summer of 1798, timed to coincide with a French invasion on the west coast, but it was unsuccessful. Many of the patriots pictured here, including the Romantic hero Robert Emmett, were found guilty of treason or forced to flee abroad.
Subjects & Themesback to top
Events of 1798back to top
Current affairsTo meet war costs, William Pitt introduces a Finance Bill which levies income tax for the first time.
Art and scienceWilliam Wordsworth and Samuel Taylor Coleridge publish Lyrical Ballads; a key publication for the romantic movement in poetry. Coleridge's The Rime of the Ancient Mariner opens the volume.
Publisher and printseller Rudolph Ackermann establishes his popular 'Repository of the Arts' shop, gallery, library and social centre on the Strand.
InternationalUprising of the United Irishmen: a republican rebellion which attempted to achieve Ireland's total independence by force with the aid of a French invasion. It was only narrowly defeated.
Battle of the Nile. Napoleon's visionary Egyptian campaign offers British first major victory as Nelson destroys the French fleet.
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26 January, 12:30