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Quintin McGarel Hogg, 1st Baron Hailsham of St Marylebone

© Cecil Beaton Studio Archive, Sotheby's London

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Quintin McGarel Hogg, 1st Baron Hailsham of St Marylebone

by Cecil Beaton
bromide print on white card mount, 1945
9 5/8 in. x 7 3/4 in. (246 mm x 196 mm)
Given by Cecil Beaton, 1972
Primary Collection
NPG P869(16)

Sitterback to top

Artistback to top

  • Cecil Beaton (1904-1980), Photographer, designer and writer. Artist associated with 1111 portraits, Sitter associated with 361 portraits.

Linked publicationsback to top

  • Pepper, Terence, Beaton Portraits, 2004 (accompanying the exhibition at the National Portrait Gallery from 5 February - 31 May 2004), p. 76 Read entry

    Men, often less malleable, approximated to his earnest, industrious father, who could not understand his son’s aesthetic gallivanting and tried to settle him in a clerical job in a City office. Beaton chose to write a play about the family life of Gainsborough because he considered him to be ‘not unlike my father’ in his impatience with pretension and artiness. The male principle censoriously glowers out of his portraits of a grumpy Churchill, whose work Beaton was interrupting, or a General Carton de Wiart, whose black patch is a reminder that eyes are both weapons and targets, not organs of sensual pleasure (P869(10)). Quintin Hogg’s hat belongs to the uniform of the officious, disciplined life that Beaton had rejected (P869(16)). In diary entries about his royal sittings, he mentioned his resentment of the Duke of Edinburgh’s bullying humour: here again was the belligerent, disapproving paternal superego.

  • Pepper, Terence, Beaton Portraits, 2004 (accompanying the exhibition at the National Portrait Gallery from 5 February to 31 May 2004), p. 76
  • Rogers, Malcolm, Camera Portraits, 1989 (accompanying the exhibition at the National Portrait Gallery from 20 October 1989 - 21 January 1990), p. 247 Read entry

    Lord Hailsham is the son of the 1st Viscount Hailsham, Lord Chancellor (1928-9 and 1935-8), and grandson of the philanthropist Quintin Hogg, pioneer of the polytechnic movement. He first entered Parliament as MP for Oxford City in 1938, in the year his father ended his second period of office as Chancellor, and has himself been Lord Chancellor for two periods (1970-74 and 1979-87), in the second of which he saw his own son enter Parliament.

    He was photographed by Cecil Beaton as 'a leader of the Tory Reform Group' in 1945, at the collapse of what had seemed a promising ministerial career. In April that year he had been appointed Joint Parliamentary Under-Secretary of State for Air, but the appointment lasted only a matter of months, for Churchill resigned as leader of the wartime coalition government in May, and was defeated by Atlee in the July general election. This photograph was published in American Vogue on 1 September that year, accompanying an article by Harold Nicolson on Hogg (as he then was), Aneurin Bevan and Peter Thorneycroft (now Lord Thorneycroft), beginning: 'These three men are ones to watch, since theirs are among the more forceful and rebellious younger minds in the defeated Conservative and the victorious Labour Parties'.

    Beaton's compositions often seem inspired theatrical improvisations on hastily-gathered materials, remote in place and time. For the politician, however, at the moment of defeat, he adopts a different solution. The bare table, trunk, the cupboard doors, have a stubborn presence, indifferent to the sensitive young man, his hat by his side, who is about to get up and leave the room. The great American photographer Irving Penn credits this image as a major influence on his work.

  • Saywell, David; Simon, Jacob, Complete Illustrated Catalogue, 2004, p. 270

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Events of 1945back to top

Current affairs

Despite Churchill's popularity during, and indeed after, the War, Clement Attlee wins a landslide Labour victory in the general election. Labour's success was due to its promise of a better society through the Welfare state, and was demonstrative of the public's desire for a new and better post-War society.

Art and science

Noel Coward's Brief Encounter is released. The film, based on Coward's play, Still Life, is about the love affair between two married people who meet at a railway station. Conscious of the risk of being caught the couple decide to break off their relationship to protect their marriages.
George Orwell publishes his satirical novel Animal Farm, as an allegorical critique of Soviet Totalitarianism.


A war on two fronts finally proves too much for Germany as allied forces push from the East and West. On the 30th April Hitler committed suicide and Germany soon surrendered to Soviet troops. Victory in Europe was announced on the 8th May. War in the Pacific continued until America dropped atomic bombs on Hiroshima and Nagasaki, killing 214,000 people, and ending the war with Japan.

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