Prince Albert of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha

© National Portrait Gallery, London

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Prince Albert of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha

by Daniel John Pound, after John Jabez Edwin Mayall
stipple engraving, (1855)
10 7/8 in. x 7 in. (277 mm x 178 mm) paper size
Given by W.M. Campbell Smyth, 1935
Reference Collection
NPG D10866

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Related worksback to top

  • NPG D10867: Prince Albert of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha (from same plate)
  • NPG D10868: Prince Albert of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha (from same plate)
  • NPG D33733: Prince Albert of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha (from same plate)
  • NPG D43012: Prince Albert of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha (from same plate)

Events of 1855back to top

Current affairs

Palmerston becomes Prime Minister, leading a coalition government after Lord Aberdeen loses a vote of confidence over his handling of the Crimean war. Known by the nickname 'Lord Pumicestone' for his abrasive style, Palmerston is the oldest prime minister in history to take up the post for the first time at the age of 71.
Stamp duty on newspapers is abolished, creating the mass media market in the UK as newspapers became more widely and cheaply available.

Art and science

Following a trip through the Holy Land to the Dead Sea, William Holman Hunt begins his symbolically-laden painting The Scapegoat.
John Millais marries Effie Gray, previously John Ruskin's wife, after their marriage was annulled that year.
The social theorist and sociologist Herbert Spencer and philosopher G. H. Lewes, publishes Principles of Pyschology, exploring a physiological basis to psychology.

International

The Fall of Sebastopol in the Crimean war, as Russia retreats, and the exhaustion of the Turkish alliance means the war nears its end. Despite being rebuffed by Florence Nightingale's team of nurses, Jamaican-born nurse Mary Seacole travels to the Crimea, opening a 'British Hotel' for sick and injured soldiers. She gains significant attention and praise for her nursing work.

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