Sir Joshua Reynolds
Sir Joshua Reynolds
by and published by John Keyse Sherwin, after Sir Joshua Reynolds
line engraving, 1784 (1775)
11 5/8 in. x 10 in. (295 mm x 254 mm) plate size; 18 5/8 in. x 14 1/2 in. (472 mm x 368 mm) paper size
Purchased with help from the Friends of the National Libraries and the Pilgrim Trust, 1966
Sitterback to top
- Sir Joshua Reynolds (1723-1792), Painter and first President of the Royal Academy. Sitter associated with 39 portraits, Artist associated with 1415 portraits.
Artistsback to top
This portraitback to top
Reynolds painted many self-portraits and encouraged their wide dissemination by allowing selected engravers to copy his works free of charge. This engraving was made after a self-portrait painted in 1775 for the Grand Duke of Tuscany to mark Reynolds's election to the Academy in Florence.
Subjects & Themesback to top
Events of 1784back to top
Current affairsTheatre proprietor and postal reformer John Palmer runs the first mail coach in England, between Bristol and London. A three day journey is now completed in 16 hours.
Commutation Act reduces punitive duties on tea to combat smuggling.
Art and scienceAeronaut James Sadler makes the first hot air balloon flight in Britain, from Oxford to Woodeaton.
Chemist Henry Cavendish's paper Experiments on Air reveals the composition of water.
Writer Samuel Johnson dies.
Joshua Reynolds succeeds Allan Ramsay as Painter to the King.
InternationalThomas Jefferson's Land Ordinance passed by the United States' Continental Congress, coming into effect the following year. It allows for the sale of land in the largely unmapped west of the country.
Britain receives its first bales of cotton from the United States since before the War of American Independence.
William Pitt's India Act creates a Board of Control to oversee the affairs of the British East India Company and centralise power.
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