© National Portrait Gallery, London
Sir Thomas Gresham
published by The Medici Society Ltd
chromolithograph, 1914 (circa 1565)
26 7/8 in. x 18 3/4 in. (682 mm x 476 mm) paper size
Given by The Medici Society Ltd, 1915
- Sir Thomas Gresham (circa 1518-1579), Founder of the Royal Exchange. Sitter associated with 23 portraits.
- NPG 352: Sir Thomas Gresham (source portrait)
- NPG D34935: Sir Thomas Gresham (based on same portrait)
Following Germany's declaration of war on France and invasion of Belgium, Herbert Henry Asquith, the British Prime Minister, declares war on the German Empire on August 4, 1914. The popular belief that the conflict would be 'over by Christmas' was soon found to be a bitter underestimate of the scale of the war.
Art and science
The fist issue of the periodical Blast
is published by Wyndham Lewis, announcing the advent of Vorticism. This movement, named by Ezra Pound and taking in art and poetry, combined the vitality and dynamism of Italian Futurism with the geometric structure of Cubism. Vorticism was a direct challenge to the perceived quaint and domestic style of the Bloomsbury group and Roger Fry's Omega Workshop.
On June 28th 1914, Archduke Franz Ferdinand of Austria is assassinated in Sarajevo leading to Austria's declaration of war against Serbia and triggering the First World War. Germany declared war on Serbia's ally, Russia, and then marched on France via Belgium. Soon all of Europe and most of the world was embroiled in total war.