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Henry Graves

42 of 45 portraits by Thomas Lewis Atkinson

© National Portrait Gallery, London

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Henry Graves

by Thomas Lewis Atkinson, by James Scott, by James John Chant, by Robert Graves, by Francis Holl, by Charles Henry Mottram, by Robert Bowyer Parkes, by George Sanders, by William Henry Simmons, by Edward A. Smith, by James Stephenson, by George
mezzotint, before 1880
15 7/8 in. x 12 3/8 in. (404 mm x 315 mm) plate size; 27 1/8 in. x 19 7/8 in. (689 mm x 505 mm) paper size
Given by unknown source, 1880
Reference Collection
NPG D34971

Sitterback to top

  • Henry Graves (1806-1892), Printseller and fine art publisher. Sitter in 3 portraits, Artist associated with 47 portraits.

Artistsback to top

  • Thomas Lewis Atkinson (1817-circa 1890), Engraver. Artist associated with 45 portraits.
  • James John Chant (1819 or 1820-active 1883), Engraver. Artist associated with 13 portraits.
  • Robert Graves (1798-1873), Line engraver. Artist associated with 34 portraits, Sitter in 6 portraits.
  • Holdgate Brothers (active 1870-1880s), Printsellers. Artist associated with 5 portraits.
  • Francis Holl (1815-1884), Engraver. Artist associated with 100 portraits, Sitter in 1 portrait.
  • Charles Henry Mottram (1807-1876), Engraver. Artist associated with 2 portraits.
  • Robert Bowyer Parkes (1830-1891), Engraver. Artist associated with 59 portraits.
  • George Sanders (1810-active 1876), Engraver. Artist associated with 17 portraits, Sitter associated with 1 portrait.
  • James Scott (circa 1809-circa 1889), Engraver. Artist associated with 133 portraits, Sitter in 1 portrait.
  • William Henry Simmons (1811-1882), Engraver. Artist associated with 14 portraits.
  • Edward A. Smith (active 1823-1851), Engraver. Artist associated with 15 portraits.
  • James Stephenson (1808-1886), Engraver and lithographer. Artist associated with 13 portraits.
  • William Menzies Tweedie (1828-1878), Artist. Artist associated with 3 portraits.
  • George Zobel (1810-1881), Printmaker. Artist associated with 53 portraits.

Subject/Themeback to top

Events of 1880back to top

Current affairs

The Liberals defeat the Conservatives, and Gladstone becomes Prime Minister for the second time, taking over from Disraeli, who retires from politics.
The MP for Northampton and atheist Charles Bradlaugh, refuses to swear on the Bible and so forfeits his right to take his seat. Despite having the support of Gladstone and J.S Mill, it takes six years before he can take his seat, after which he pushes through a new Oaths Act (1888).

Art and science

Thomas Huxley delivers his address 'Science and Culture' at the opening of Josiah Mason's science college in Birmingham (published the following year). Huxley argues that the study of modern literature, combined with knowledge of science, should be promoted in education above classical literature, echoing the claim made by the poet and critic Matthew Arnold. Huxley, an early advocate of 'Darwinism', did much to popularise evolutionary theory.


Buenos Aires finally becomes the permanent capital of Argentina, following sixty years of political debates around the issue. The city was federalised, politically separated from the Buenos Aires Province, and placed under direct control of the national government.
Despite allegations of vote buying, Cecil Rhodes is elected member of parliament for Barkly West in the Cape Colony, marking the start of his political career in South Africa.

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