5 of 6 portraits of Stephen Hales
by William Hopwood, published by Robert John Thornton, after Thomas Hudson, and after Coates
stipple engraving and etching, published 1 December 1800 (circa 1759)
15 3/4 in. x 9 1/2 in. (399 mm x 241 mm) paper size
Purchased with help from the Friends of the National Libraries and the Pilgrim Trust, 1966
Sitterback to top
- Stephen Hales (1677-1761), Natural philosopher, chemist and inventor. Sitter in 6 portraits.
Artistsback to top
- Coates (active before 1800), Painter. Artist associated with 3 portraits.
- William Hopwood (1784-1853), Printmaker. Artist associated with 21 portraits.
- Thomas Hudson (1701-1779), Portrait painter and art collector. Artist associated with 182 portraits.
- Robert John Thornton (1768-1837), Physician, writer on botany and publisher. Artist associated with 48 portraits, Sitter in 2 portraits.
Related worksback to top
Subjects & Themesback to top
Events of 1800back to top
Current affairsWidespread food riots after poor harvests of 1798-9. Theorist, Thomas Malthus, controversially argues that poverty and food shortages are an inevitable consequence of population growth, challenging assumptions that populousness was a sign of national prosperity and power. His thesis contributed forcefully to the debate over the existing Poor Law.
Art and scienceWilliam Wordsworth publishes his Preface to the Lyrical Ballads; a retrospective explanation of his experimental poems written with Samuel Taylor Coleridge. It becomes one of the best-known manifestos of Romantic literature.
InternationalLord Castlereagh, Chief Secretary for Ireland, is the main architect of the Act of Union under which Ireland is merged with Great Britain and the Irish parliament is abolished.
British troops support successful uprising by Maltese against the French.
Napoleon is victorious against Austrians at Marengo and reconquers Italy.
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