James Scott, Duke of Monmouth and Buccleuch

1 portrait by Johann Azelt

© National Portrait Gallery, London

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James Scott, Duke of Monmouth and Buccleuch

by Johann Azelt
line engraving, late 17th century
6 7/8 in. x 5 1/8 in. (176 mm x 129 mm) paper size
Acquired, 1958
Reference Collection
NPG D35401

Sitterback to top

Artistback to top

  • Johann Azelt (1654-1692), Copperplate engraver. Artist or producer of 1 portrait.

Events of 1670back to top

Current affairs

Charles II mistress, Barbara Villiers, is created Duchess of Cleveland and granted Nonsuch Palace including its sizeable grounds.
Actress and royal mistress, Nell Gwyn, gives birth to Charles II's son, Charles, who would later become, Duke of St. Albans.

Art and science

Tragicomedy, The Forc'd Marriage, by Aphra Behn, staged by the Duke's Company, starts Behn's career as a professional writer. The writer may have been a royalist spy towards the end of the interregnum.
Poet laureate, John Dryden, is made historiographer royal, a post he would hold for nearly 20 years.

International

Terms of a secret treaty between Charles II and Louis XIV are brought by Henrietta, Duchess of Orleans during a visit to Dover; upon England supplying the majority of military power for a war against Holland and Charles's official conversion to Catholicism, France would assist financially.

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