Sir Francis Drake
3 of 5 portraits by Robert Sargent Austin
Sir Francis Drake
by Robert Sargent Austin, printed by The Baynard Press, probably after Jodocus Hondius
chromolithograph, published 1943
25 in. x 20 in. (635 mm x 508 mm) paper size
Given by London Passenger Transport Board, 1943
Sitterback to top
- Sir Francis Drake (1540-1596), Admiral and circumnavigator. Sitter associated with 39 portraits.
Artistsback to top
- Robert Sargent Austin (1895-1973), Artist. Artist associated with 5 portraits, Sitter in 1 portrait.
- The Baynard Press (active 1894-after 1960). Artist associated with 4 portraits.
- Jodocus Hondius (1563-1611), Artist, engraver and cartographer. Artist associated with 10 portraits, Sitter in 2 portraits.
Events of 1943back to top
Current affairsThe War effort continues with women recruited to the Home Guard and Ernie Bevin introducing conscription of miners as coal output continues to flag.
There is panic when a new anti aircraft weapon is heard for the first time in London and 173 people die in the crush to enter an air-raid shelter at Bethnal Green tube station.
Art and scienceBarnes Wallis's bouncing bomb is used during Operation Chastise - the Dam busters Raid - to destroy three dams in the Ruhr area of Germany. The raid was considered a success, knocking out hydroelectric power, cutting off the water supply to industry and causing devastation through flooding. The operation also, however, cost the allies many lives, and the bouncing bomb was not used again.
InternationalThe invasion of Sicily is successful thanks to Operation Mincemeat, in which false documents were planted on the body of a dead airman to mislead Germany into thinking that the Allied target was Sardinia. The invasion led to the fall of Mussolini and Italy joining the Allies.
42,000 German civilians are killed in a firestorm in Hamburg caused by the Allied bombing in Operation Gomorrah.
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