François II (Francis II), King of France

© National Portrait Gallery, London

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François II (Francis II), King of France

by Unknown artist
line engraving, 18th century
7 3/4 in. x 5 3/4 in. (197 mm x 145 mm) paper size
Given by Derek Holdaway and William Castell, 2009
Reference Collection
NPG D36703

Sitterback to top

Artistback to top

  • Unknown artist, Artist. Artist or producer associated with 6578 portraits.

Events of 1701back to top

Current affairs

Exiled James II dies in France. Various parts of his body are interred in a number of churches around the country; his corpse is buried in the English church in the Faubourg St. Jacques.
The Act of Settlement is passed, securing the throne to the Protestant Hanoverians.

Art and science

Supported by the Bishop of London, Henry Compton, The Society for the Propagation of the Gospel, founded by Thomas Bray, obtains a royal charter.
Publication of The Christian Hero, the first major work by essayist Richard Steele.

International

War of the Spanish Succession ensues. William III restores the grand alliance against France determined to prevent Louis XIV from installing his grandson, Philip of Anjou, upon the Spanish throne. The grand alliance, resolute upon a Habsburg succession in Spain, wished to prevent the country's unification with France.

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