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Mary Margaret Egerton (née Stanley), Countess of Wilton

© National Portrait Gallery, London

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Mary Margaret Egerton (née Stanley), Countess of Wilton

by George Henry Phillips, published by Hodgson & Graves, published by Thomas Agnew, after Sir Thomas Lawrence
mezzotint, published 5 February 1838
12 in. x 9 in. (305 mm x 228 mm) plate size; 19 3/8 in. x 12 1/2 in. (492 mm x 318 mm) paper size
Purchased with help from the Friends of the National Libraries and the Pilgrim Trust, 1966
Reference Collection
NPG D37047

Sitterback to top

Artistsback to top

  • Thomas Agnew (1794-1871), Art dealer. Artist associated with 59 portraits.
  • Hodgson & Graves (active 1836-1840), Publisher. Artist associated with 52 portraits.
  • Sir Thomas Lawrence (1769-1830), Portrait painter, collector and President of the Royal Academy. Artist associated with 689 portraits, Sitter in 25 portraits.
  • George Henry Phillips (circa 1800-active 1852), Printmaker. Artist associated with 22 portraits.

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Events of 1838back to top

Current affairs

The Anti-Corn Law league is established in Manchester, led by Richard Cobden and John Bright, aiming to create a fully free-trade economy.
The People's Charter is published, demanding many constitutional amendments that would become central to future democratic reform, including universal male suffrage and secret ballots. Despite having one million signatures (and 5 million by 1848), the petition was rejected.
Slavery is completely abolished.

Art and science

Turner's The Fighting Temeraire is exhibited at the Royal Academy. The Temeraire, which had broken the line at the Battle of Trafalgar, was a reflection on the rapid changes of the industrial age. This was demonstrated this year when Isambard Brunel's Great Western crosses the Atlantic, in just fifteen days - a ship under sail could take a month.
The London-Birmingham railway is also completed, the line engineered by Robert Stephenson.

International

The first stage in the formation of independent Boer republics in South Africa, as the Republic of Natal is formed in South Africa, following the Boers defeat of the Matabele of Mzilikasi. This comes two years after the Dutch-speaking inhabitants of the British-ruled colony of South Africa set out on the Great Trek, in search of their own independent state.
The Central American Federation, an experimental republic formed of several Latin states splits.

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