John Glynn; John Wilkes; John Horne Tooke

Identify sitters

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John Glynn; John Wilkes; John Horne Tooke

by Richard Houston, published by Robert Sayer, published by John Smith of Cheapside
mezzotint, published 1769
11 3/4 in. x 15 1/8 in. (298 mm x 384 mm) paper size
Purchased, 1922
Reference Collection
NPG D37522

Sittersback to top

  • John Glynn (1722-1779), Lawyer and politician; MP for Middlesex. Sitter in 2 portraits. Identify
  • John Horne Tooke (1736-1812), Radical politician; MP and philologist. Sitter associated with 49 portraits. Identify
  • John Wilkes (1725-1797), Journalist, agitator and politician; MP for Aylesbury and Middlesex. Sitter associated with 49 portraits, Artist or producer associated with 1 portrait. Identify

Artistsback to top

  • Richard Houston (1721 or 1722-1775), Engraver. Artist or producer associated with 193 portraits.
  • Robert Sayer (1724 or 1725-1794), Printseller and publisher. Artist or producer associated with 198 portraits.
  • John Smith of Cheapside (active 1750-1792), Map and printseller. Artist or producer associated with 7 portraits.

Related worksback to top

  • NPG 1944: John Glynn, John Wilkes and John Horne Tooke (source portrait)

Events of 1769back to top

Current affairs

Radical John Wilkes is expelled from Parliament once again, on the grounds that he was an outlaw when he was voted in. He is re-elected by his Middlesex constituents, then expelled and re-elected twice more, until Parliament declares his opponent, Henry Luttrell, the winner.
First of 69 anonymous Letters of Junius appears in the Public Advertiser, exposing political corruption. The politician Sir Philip Francis is now believed to have been responsible.

Art and science

Josiah Wedgwood opens his Etruria Works for the manufacture of pottery.
Inventor Richard Arkwright patents a spinning frame able to weave fabric mechanically.
Gordon's London Dry Gin is produced for the first time.
First Royal Academy exhibition is held.
Debrett's Peerage and Baronetage is first published.

International

Captain Cook observes the transit of Venus in Tahiti while his passengers, Joseph Banks and Daniel Solander, collect valuable specimens of Pacific flora. The expedition travels on to New Zealand where Cook begins charting the country's entire coastline.
Treaty of Madras ends the First Anglo-Mysore War but fails to settle dispute.
French inventor Nicolas-Joseph Cugnot tests a steam wagon, probably the first working mechanical vehicle.

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